pulmonary nocardiosis

pulmonary nocardiosis

Nocardiosis Pulmonology A lung infection caused by a gram-positive fungus-like bacterium, Nocardia asteroides, acquired through inhalation, which cause pneumonia-like illness; it responds poorly to antibiotics, spreading to the brain and subcutaneous tissue Risk factors Immunosuppression, long-term corticosteroid therapy
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Pulmonary nocardiosis is usually caused by Nocardia asteroids whereas N.
Early recognition and treatment are necessary for prevention of disseminated disease and favorable outcomes in children with inflammatory bowel disease diagnosed with pulmonary nocardiosis.
Pulmonary nocardiosis can manifest in conjunction with empyema and can coexist with pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB.
Pulmonary nocardiosis with multiple cavitary nodules in a HIV-negative immunocompromised patient.
Pulmonary nocardiosis is an important cause of opportunistic infection in immunosuppressed patients, and the incidence of this infection is increasing.
Pulmonary nocardiosis has been reported in patients with underlying lung disease.
Pulmonary nocardiosis is an infrequent and severe infection that is most commonly seen in immunocompromised hosts.
The patient was diagnosed as having pulmonary nocardiosis and given intravenous trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (320 mg/1600 mg/day), but the patient's clinical findings worsened.
Pulmonary nocardiosis is a well-described infection in immunocomprimised patients with malignancy, HIV infection, and in those receiving treatment with corticosteroids and other chemotherapy agents.
Pulmonary nocardiosis produces an impressive variety of roentgenographic findings, such as segmental infiltrates, lobar infiltrates, small and large cavities, necrotizing bronchopneumonia, necrotizing lobar pneumonia, lobar pneumonia with bulging fissures, small and large abscesses, single or multiple nodules, miliary patterns, masses with central cavitations, pleural effusion, and empyema.
As shown in our case, pulmonary nocardiosis can be found in unexpected ways, especially in immunosuppressed patients.
Pulmonary nocardiosis is expected to be a more frequently-encountered disease due to the increasing use of immunosuppressive therapies.