pulmonary disease

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Related to pulmonary disease: Pulmonary Heart Disease, Interstitial pulmonary disease

pulmonary disease

any abnormal condition of the respiratory system, characterized by cough, chest pain, dyspnea, hemoptysis, sputum production, stridor, or adventitious sounds. Less common symptoms include anxiety, arm and shoulder pain, tenderness in the calf of the leg, erythema nodosum, swelling of the face, headache, hoarseness, joint pain, and somnolence. Diagnostic procedures for pulmonary diseases include bronchoscopy; cytological, serological, and biochemical examination of bronchial secretions; laryngoscopy; pulmonary function tests; and radiography. Obstructive respiratory disease is the result of a reduction of airway size that impedes air flow. The obstruction may result from bronchospasm, edema of the bronchial mucosa, or excessive bronchial secretions. Obstructive disease is characterized by reduced expiratory flow rates and increased total lung capacity. Acute obstructive respiratory diseases include asthma, bronchitis, and bronchiectasis; chronic obstructive diseases include emphysema, chronic bronchitis, or combined emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Patients with obstructive diseases may have acute respiratory failure from any respiratory stress, such as infections or general anesthesia. Restrictive respiratory disease is caused by conditions that limit lung expansion, such as fibrothorax, obesity, a neuromuscular disorder, kyphosis, scoliosis, spondylitis, or surgical removal of lung tissue. Pregnancy causes a self-limiting restrictive disease in the third trimester. Characteristics of restrictive respiratory disease are decreased forced expired vital capacity and total lung capacity, with increased work of breathing and inefficient exchange of gases. Acute restrictive conditions are the most common pulmonary cause of acute respiratory failure. Infectious diseases include pneumonia and tuberculosis.

Patient discussion about pulmonary disease

Q. (COPD)chronic obstructive pulmonary disease the main causes of?

A. Mainly smoking, although ambient air pollution and industrial exposure to dust have also been implicated as causes.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Gaps in the care of patients admitted to hospital with an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Antioxidant vitamins (A, C and E) and malondialdehyde levels in acute exacerbation and stable periods of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Global strategy for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
The diagnosis of pulmonary disease due to nontuberculous mycobacteria is based on a combination of clinical, microbiologic, and radiological criteria published by the American Thoracic Society.
The first concerns catabolic states related to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is the subject of this press release; the second concerns catabolic states following hip fracture in elderly patients with results expected in December 2003.
Even in patients without depression, pulmonary disease should be considered a red flag, she and her colleagues conclude in the July/August Psychosomatic Medicine.
SAN DIEGO -- Levalbuterol was no more effective than albuterol in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in a single-dose comparison trial.
SAN ANTONIO -- Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have an increased risk of severe vertebral fractures, which often go unrecognized by their physicians, based on a study with 296 patients.
com/research/vljmp6/obstructive) has announced the addition of Global Markets Direct's new report "Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Pipeline Review, H2 2012" to their offering.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic respiratory disease that is not fully reversible.
AstraZeneca PLC, a British drugmaker has announced that it will buy a Redwood-City, California-based firm involved in therapies for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Pearl Therapeutics Inc.