factors like type, duration, intensity, and program of the exercise and the use of differentsubjects , various complex mechanisms includinghormonal, metabolic and psychoneural
stress are alsoknown to have effects on the immune system [22,21].
No one doubts the objectivity of the psychoneural events behind our experience of the color red.
But anger and disgust (and religious experience too) also boil down to raw psychoneural events.
This physical behavior (the emission of an electric field) may in fact be highly correlated with the execution of certain cognitive tasks or processes, but this correlation itself does not imply that the measured brain behavior in question is the cause of "mind" or is in any way the psychoneural equivalent of the cognitive feat.
114), Uttal suggests "why not look to them as the psychoneural equivalents of cognitive processes" (p.
However, in the end, it has resulted in the same situation that followed EEG studies: researchers began to assume that the single-neuron responses in perception studies were the psychoneural equivalents of the cognitive perceptual experience (p.
Professor Arthur Stone is an expert in psychoneural
When mathematical models are shown to describe a data set reasonably well, they are often erroneously taken as evidence for psychoneural equivalence.
The text is concluded with the formal description of Uttal's position of material monism, which contends that all mental acts are the result of ensemble interactions between subregions of the nervous system, these interactions being all that will ever be known about psychoneural equivalence.