psychoanalytic psychotherapy


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Related to psychoanalytic psychotherapy: Psychodynamic psychotherapy

psychotherapy

 [si″ko-ther´ah-pe]
any of a number of related techniques for treating mental illness by psychologic methods. These techniques are similar in that they all rely mainly on establishing a relationship between the therapist and the patient as a means of developing the patient's insight into the motivation behind his or her behavior. On occasion, drugs may be used, but only in order to make this communication easier.
Forms of Psychotherapy. Perhaps the best known form of psychotherapy is psychoanalysis, the technique developed by Dr. Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalysis attempts, through free association and dream interpretation, to reveal and resolve the unconscious conflicts that are at the root of mental illness.

Closely related to psychoanalysis is analytically oriented therapy, or “brief therapy.” This uses some of the techniques of psychoanalysis, but tends to concentrate on the patient's present-life difficulties rather than on the unconscious roots of these difficulties.

One widely used technique is group therapy. Six to ten patients meet regularly to discuss their problems under the guidance of a group therapist. Group therapy is based on the principle of transference—that is, a patient tends to react to others in terms of his childhood attitudes toward family members. During group therapy, he may react to one member of the group as a hated rival brother, and to another as a dominating mother. In the give-and-take of discussion, he will begin to recognize the distortions in these reactions, and to see similar distortions in his day-to-day relationships with other people. Group therapy may be combined with individual therapy. Group therapy can help reduce the cost to each patient. It is also widely used in mental health centers, where it has helped relieve the great shortage of trained therapists.

Adjunctive therapy, such as occupational therapy and music therapy, is helpful in relieving tensions and emotional problems that are associated with a feeling of uselessness. Psychodrama, in which patients act out fantasies or real-life situations, may provide a means of communication for patients who are not capable of expressing their problem by speech.

Play therapy is a form of psychotherapy adapted to children. It is very difficult to induce an emotionally disturbed or even a normal child to talk about his problems. Play therapy provides an alternative. Children reveal themselves when they play with toys provided by the therapist and act out their fantasies. The therapist helps them “get things out of their system,” accepting them warmly as they are, and guiding them toward a solution to their problems. Since these are closely related to the way children are treated at home, play therapy is usually combined with some form of therapy for the parents. Family group therapy, in which the entire family meets regularly with the therapist, can be particularly effective.

Cognitive therapy is based on the idea that a person's feelings and behavior result from that person's perceptions of the world and that psychological disturbances result from faulty ways of thinking. The therapist is active in helping the patient to restructure his or her distorted perceptions, using a combination of verbal and behavior modification techniques.
brief psychotherapy psychotherapy limited to a preagreed number of sessions, generally 10 to 20, or termination date. It is usually active and directive, and often oriented toward a specific problem or symptom.
psychoanalytic psychotherapy psychoanalysis (def. 3).

psy·cho·an·a·lyt·ic psy·cho·ther·a·py

psychotherapy using freudian principles.
See also: psychoanalysis.
References in periodicals archive ?
More recent studies in psychoanalytic psychotherapy (Jones & Windholz, 1990), comparative psychotherapy research (Ablon & Jones, 1997), and assessment of therapeutic outcomes (Westen, Shedler, & Harnden, 1997) have applied the Q sort procedure.
One renowned practitioner who calls for such an approach is Nancy McWilliams, whose books Psychoanalytic Diagnosis (McWilliams, 1994), Psychoanalytic Case Formulation (McWilliams, 1999), and Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy (McWilliams, 2004) are seminal texts in the modern psychodynamic field.
They have also made the practice of psychoanalytic psychotherapy less rigid, making it more attractive to psychotherapists not practicing classic psychoanalysis.
Unfortunately, psychoanalytic psychotherapy offered little relief to TS sufferers.
She is on the supervising faculty of the Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy Study Center in New York and is founding editor of Psych-E-News, the online psychoanalytic magazine of NYSPA.
Years ago, when I was a resident at NYU Medical Center/Bellevue Hospital Center, the residents were mainly divided into two groups: those who were committed to psychoanalytic psychotherapy and planned to continue at one of the psychoanalytic institutes in the area, and those who wanted to focus more on how we can make it better for our patients in the here and now.
He maintains a clinical practice and is a candidate in the psychoanalytic psychotherapy program at the San Diego Psychoanalytic Society and Institute.
After pursuing psychoanalytic studies at Washington Square Institute for Psychotherapy and Mental Health in New York City, graduating in 1999 with a certificate in Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy and, in the same year, receiving a Master's degree in Social Work from Yeshiva University's Wurzweiler School of Social Work, Gates started her private practice in Manhattan and Englewood, New Jersey.
Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy as an Alternative Model for Practitioners
He is a licensed clinical psychologist, maintains a clinical practice, and is a candidate in the psychoanalytic psychotherapy program at the San Diego Psychoanalytic Society and Institute in La Jolla, California.
For many mental health clinicians, psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy do not now credibly exist, or, if they do, they exist only as an obsolete niche practice for self-indulgent wealthy people," Dr.