In previous reports of psittacine
birds with gastrointestinal foreign bodies, blood test results were nonspecific and included leukocytosis characterized by a heterophilia and abnormal plasma protein concentrations.
Histopathological survey of protozoa, helminths and acarids of imported and local psittacine
and passerine birds in Japan.
birds receive a balanced, medicated feed ration containing 21% chlortetracycline (CTC) with [is less than]0.
The virus also can infect and cause disease in other psittacine
birds such as budgerigars (budgies), Indian ringneck parakeets, lories, lorikeets and occasionally macaws and Amazon parrots.
11) However, cryptococcosis has been reported in several psittacine
and nonpsittacine birds, including a Pesquet's parrot (Psittrichas fulgidus), Major Mitchell's cockatoo (Cacatua leadbeateri), green-winged macaw (Ara chloropterus), Moluccan cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis), thick-billed parrot (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha), African grey parrot, long-billed corella (Cacatua tenuirostris), North Island kiwi (Apteryx australis mantelli), and 2 pigeons (Gallicolumba crinigera, Goura victoria beccari), often with no evidence of preceding immune compromise.
Our findings emphasize the risk for avipoxvirus among captive psittacines
; their relevance for psittacine
rehabilitation and conservation may be considerable regarding pathogenicity.
Laminosioptes cysticola has been previously described in passerines (FAIN, 1981; STEWART, 1963), a psittacine
(FAIN, 1981) and pigeons (FAIN, 1981; TORO, 1999), both playing roles in harbouring and dissemination.
According to the standard text book on avian medicine, The Manual of Parrot, Budgerigars and other Psittacine
Birds, edited by CJ Price: "Grit is essential for the grinding of the softened and partially digested seeds entering the gizzard.
They took her to a vet in Liverpool who, after a DNA test, gave the Mercer's the bad news that Snowy was suffering from PBFD - Psittacine
Beak and Feather Disease.
viruses and 5 passerine viruses have since been described (3,4).
Relevant books include: BSAVA Manual of Psittacine
Birds, edited by Peter H Benyon, and The Ultimate Encyclopaedia of Caged and Aviary Birds by David Alderton.
Bornaviruses are considered to be the causative agent of proventricular dilatation disease (PDD) in psittacine