pseudotumor cerebri


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pseudotumor

 [soo″do-too´mer]
an enlargement that resembles a tumor; it may result from inflammation, accumulation of fluid, or other causes, and may or may not regress spontaneously.
pseudotumor ce´rebri cerebral edema and raised intracranial pressure without neurological signs except occasional sixth-nerve palsy.
inflammatory pseudotumor a tumorlike mass resulting from an inflammatory reaction; it may occur in a variety of organs and is composed of granulation tissue with leukocyte infiltration.

pseu·do·tu·mor ce·re·bri

a disorder most commonly seen in obese young women, characterized clinically by headache, blurred vision, and visual obscurations resulting from increased intracranial hypertension; on clinical examination, papilledema is detected but on neuroimaging studies there is no evidence of an intracranial mass lesion and the ventricles are either of normal size or small; if untreated, occasionally results in permanent visual loss; of an unknown cause.

pseudotumor cerebri

a condition characterized by increased intracranial pressure, headache, blurring of the optic disc margins, vomiting, and papilledema without neurological signs, except palsy of the sixth cranial nerve. Also called benign intracranial hypertension, meningeal hydrops.

pseudotumor cerebri

Benign intracranial hypertension, Neurology A condition caused by ↑ intracranial pressure with normal CSF; PC is most common in young obese ♀ with dysmenorrhea of ovarian origin, and is diagnosed by
1. Presence of bilateral papilledema and objective evidence of ↑ intracranial pressure.
2. Absence of focal neurological Sx or signs.
3. Absence of an extracranial cause of papilledema.
4. Normal CSF Clinical Vision defects–loss of acuity, diplopia, blind spots, headaches, N&V, vertigo, tinnitus Etiology Anemia, leukemia, hyper- or hypovitaminosis A, lead intoxication, nalidixic acid, poliomyelitis, Guillain-Barre disease, menarche, pregnancy, galactokinase deficiency, hypoxia, allergies, cerebral trauma, steroid therapy for cerebral edema, withdrawal of steroids, chronic hypocalcemia with hypoparathyroidism with 1º adrenal insufficiency, thyroid replacement therapy, endocrinopathies–Addison's or Cushing's diseases, OCs, tetracycline–in infants, intracranial venous occlusion, inflammation.

pseu·do·tu·mor cer·e·bri

(sū'dō-tū'mĕr ser'ĕ-brī)
A condition, commonly associated with obesity in young women, of cerebral edema with narrowed small ventricles but with increased intracranial pressure and frequently papilledema.

pseudotumor

phantom tumor.

pseudotumor cerebri
cerebral edema and raised intracranial pressure without neurological signs except occasional sixth cranial nerve palsy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinicians add to the confusion by routinely using the terms pseudotumor cerebri and benign intracranial hypertension interchangeably in both IIH and secondary intracranial hypertension.
2003), The PTC primer: Living with pseudotumor cerebri.
Pseudotumor cerebri is primarily seen in obese women of childbearing age, and although the condition affects only 1 in 100,000 people in the United States, the rate for obese women between the ages of 20 and 44 is about 19 per 100,000.
In areas with higher levels of obesity, however, pseudotumor cerebri is being seen more frequently.
Several years earlier, he had had a lumboperitoneal shunt placed for presumed pseudotumor cerebri and diminished vision in the left eye associated with optic nerve atrophy.
This combination can result in pseudotumor cerebri, in which patients present with severe headache, vision abnormalities, and nausea and vomiting.
With the exception of two subjects--who, in addition to migraine, had diagnoses of photophobic muscle contraction headache and pseudotumor cerebri, respectively--all of the other patients [in the study] had relief within minutes of inserting the lenses, and pain relief was maximal within 90 minutes," Dr.
A patient who is heavy, for example, may present with pseudotumor cerebri.
Stories are showcased from patients and families who are affected by Batten's Disease, CIDP, Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP), Chronic Variable Immune Deficiency (CVID), Citrullinemia, Cystinuria, Epidermolysis Bullosa, Fibromuscular Dysplasia, Gaucher's Disease, Hunter Syndrome, Huntington's Disease, Joubert Syndrome, Kleefstra Syndrome, Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome, Maple Syrup Urine Disease, Marfan Syndrome, Mitochondrial Myopathy, Moebius Syndrome, Nager Syndrome, Neimann Pick Type C, Pallister-Killian Syndrome, Primary Immune Deficiency Disease (PIDD), Pseudotumor Cerebri, Sanfilippo Syndrome, Spina Bifida and more.
Such effects may include: photosensitivity, pseudotumor cerebri and anti-anabolic action (which has led to increased BUN, azotemia, acidosis and hyperphosphatemia).
Such effects may include: photosensitivity, pseudotumor cerebri, pancreatitis, and anti-anabolic action (which has led to increased BUN, azotemia, acidosis, and hypophosphatemia).