pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy


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Related to pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy: Becker muscular dystrophy

dystrophy

 [dis´trah-fe]
any disorder due to defective or faulty nutrition, especially muscular dystrophy. adj., adj dystroph´ic.
adiposogenital dystrophy adiposity of the feminine type, genital hypoplasia, changes in secondary sex characters, and metabolic disturbances; seen with lesions of the hypothalamus; see also adiposogenital dystrophy.
Becker's muscular dystrophy (Becker type muscular dystrophy) a form closely resembling Duchenne's muscular dystrophy, but having a later onset and milder course; transmitted as an X-linked recessive trait.
distal muscular dystrophy distal myopathy.
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy (Duchenne type muscular dystrophy) The childhood type of muscular dystrophy.
facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy muscular dystrophy affecting the face, shoulder, and upper arm muscles; called also Landouzy-Dejerine muscular dystrophy.
Landouzy-Dejerine dystrophy (Landouzy-Dejerine muscular dystrophy) facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy.
muscular dystrophy see muscular dystrophy.
myotonic dystrophy a rare, slowly progressive, hereditary disease, marked by myotonia followed by muscular atrophy (especially of the face and neck), cataracts, hypogonadism, frontal balding, and cardiac disorders. Called also dystrophia myotonica, myotonia atrophica, and myotonia dystrophica.
progressive muscular dystrophy muscular dystrophy.
pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy muscular dystrophy affecting the shoulder and pelvic girdles, beginning in childhood and marked by increasing weakness, pseudohypertrophy of the muscles, followed by atrophy, and a peculiar swaying gait with the legs kept wide apart. Called also pseudohypertrophic muscular paralysis.
reflex sympathetic dystrophy a syndrome of chronic pain that usually develops after a trauma or noxious stimulus, although the nerve injury cannot be immediately identified. The pain is not limited to the distribution of a single nerve and is often out of proportion to the precipitating event. It is most often described as a burning pain, and is accompanied by swelling, sweating, sensitivity to touch, and sometimes changes in tissue growth. Called also chronic or complex regional pain syndrome. Clinical practice guidelines have been published by the Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Syndrome Association of America and are available on their web site at http://www.rsds.org or by writing to Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Syndrome Association of America, P.O. Box 502, Milford CT 06460.

Du·chenne dys·tro·phy

(dū-shen'),
the most common childhood muscular dystrophy, with onset usually before age 6 years. Characterized by symmetric weakness and wasting of first the pelvic and crural muscles and then the pectoral and proximal upper extremity muscles; pseudohypertrophy of some muscles, especially the calf; heart involvement; sometimes mild mental retardation; progressive course and early death, usually in adolescence. X-linked inheritance (affects males and transmitted by females).

pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy

Duchenne,

Guillaume B.A., French neurologist, 1806-1875.
Aran-Duchenne disease - Synonym(s): Lou Gehrig disease
Aran-Duchenne dystrophy - Synonym(s): Lou Gehrig disease
Duchenne-Aran disease - Synonym(s): Lou Gehrig disease
Duchenne attitude - paralysis of trapezius resulting in shoulder lowering on external rotation.
Duchenne disease - Synonym(s): (1) Duchenne dystrophy; - (2) progressive bulbar paralysis
Duchenne dystrophy - the most common childhood muscular dystrophy, with onset usually before age 6. Synonym(s): childhood muscular dystrophy; Duchenne disease (1); Duchenne-Griesinger disease; pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy
Duchenne-Erb paralysis - Synonym(s): Erb palsy
Duchenne-Erb syndrome - Synonym(s): Erb palsy
Duchenne-Griesinger disease - Synonym(s): Duchenne dystrophy
Duchenne paralysis - brachial birth palsy in which there is paralysis of upper arm and shoulder girdle muscles due to lesion of upper trunk of brachial plexus or roots of fifth and sixth cervical roots.
Duchenne sign - falling in of the epigastrium during inspiration in paralysis of the diaphragm.
Duchenne syndrome - subacute or chronic anterior spinal paralysis combined with multiple neuritis.
Erb-Duchenne paralysis - Synonym(s): Erb palsy
pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy inherited X-chromosome-linked recessive disorder of skeletal and heart muscle tissue, affecting 1:3000 male infants; becomes apparent at approximately 4 years of age, with development of profound physical disability by the teenage years, and death by the age of 20 years; affected children initially show difficulty with running and with standing erect from a sitting posture (i.e. Gower's sign-positive)

pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy

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