The independent variables are PATH, a binary variable taking the value of one if the jth dwelling has a proximate cart path and zero otherwise; [X.
The primary variable of interest in this study is PATH, a binary variable indicating whether or not the dwelling has a proximate golf cart path.
4th 922 also applied the efficient proximate
cause doctrine in a matter relying upon the flood exclusion, but with a different result.
Proximate cause is the law's intended mechanism to limit indeterminate liability Thus, whether a defendant's negligent conduct constitutes proximate cause is often dispositive in personal injury litigation.
Reflecting this complexity', the California Supreme Court now disallows confusing jury instructions regarding proximate cause, suggesting instead that the jury be simply directed to determine whether the defendant's conduct was a contributory factor in the plaintiff's injury (Mitchell v.
Proximate compositions of normal maize, QPM flours and those of maize/soybean and maize/cassava composite flours, and bread samples prepared from the respective flours were determined to study the proximate nutritional composition, that is, to compare the nutritional values of the raw materials (flours) and their respective breads.
The proximate compositions of both the plain and composite flours are presented in Table 3.
Undertaking additional FDIs in countries culturally proximate
to the MNE's home country will confront the MNE with additional novel obstacles and issues related to cultural differences, providing it with opportunities to learn how to detect underlying differences between operations in foreign cultures.
In statutory proximate
cause cases courts assume that federal statutes are comparable to common law torts, such as negligence.
Even if one accepts the court's argument that proximate
causation exists on the "aggregate level," the court's conclusion that restitution may be reasonably calculated absent causal evidence is untenable.
CAUSE IN THE TRADITIONAL SENSE: FORESEEABILITY
The first two steps of the proximate
cause analysis are relatively straightforward.