prothoracic glands

ec·dys·i·al glands

insect structures that originate from the ectoderm of the ventrocaudal part of the head and serve as a source of ecdysone.

prothoracic glands

the glands in an insect activated by a hormone from the neurosecretory cells in the brain that secrete the MOULTING HORMONE ecdysone. The glands have a cyclic activity within each INSTAR and break down on METAMORPHOSIS. They induce moulting, which in most insects occurs only in the juvenile stage, and in the absence of JUVENILE HORMONE stimulate metamorphosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among neurohormones released by the CC are prothoracicotropic (activating the prothoracic glands to produce the ecdvsteroid molting hormone), diuretic, and antidiuretic hormones (neuroparsins, ion transport peptide, and other hormones controlling insect salt and water homeostasis) (Kind el al.
A ring gland in higher diptcrans represents the strongest modification of RCC, where the CC and CA are assembled with the prothoracic glands in a single ring-shaped structure (Klowden 2007).
1974) Biosynthesis of ,-ecdysone by prothoracic glands in vitro.
1986) 7-Dehydrosterols in prothoracic glands of the silkworm, Bombyx mori.
An ecdysteroid biosynthesized and released in prothoracic gland was unambiguously determined as ecdysone by the application of GC-MS analysis developed by us.
Proteins could be also involved in 1) intracellular transport of cholesterol or intermediate steroids, as has been described for adrenocortical cells or insect prothoracic glands (Feuilloley and Vaudry, 1996, Birkenbeil, 1983), and 2) in the storage of steroid hormones in secretory granules, as suggested for the DB cells of Helisoma duryi (Saleuddin et al.
Ultrastructural and immunocytochemical investigation of ecdysteroid secretion by the prothoracic gland of the waxmoth Galleria mellonella.
Skarlatos G, Dedos, Hajime Fugo, 1996: Effects of fenoxycarb on the secretory activity of the prothoracic glands in the fifth instar of the silkworm, Bombyx mori.