prophylactic surgery

prophylactic surgery

Surgical oncology An excision of precancerous tissue–eg, mastectomy of a ♀ at high risk of developing breast CA–to minimize the risk of future malignancy
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Identifying the breast cancer susceptibility genes BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 paved the way for targeted chemoprevention and prophylactic surgery, which have been highly effective in reducing the incidence of breast cancer as well as ovarian cancer.
That decision, she stressed, rarely requires prophylactic surgery.
The goal of prophylactic surgery in cancer is to remove additional tissue or organs from the body which although it currently shows no signs of cancer, carries a high risk of developing cancer in the future.
If the BRCA-related risk assessment for breast or ovarian cancer reports a false positive," the agency argued, "it could lead a patient to undergo prophylactic surgery, chemoprevention, intensive screening, or other morbidity-inducing actions, while a false negative could result in a failure to recognize an actual risk that may exist.
Trivedi said that while the new coverage is important, there are some circumstances still not covered, including prophylactic surgery for high-risk women and genetic counseling and testing for men concerned about breast cancer.
Prophylactic surgery, which involves removing as much of the "at-risk" tissue as possible, and chemoprevention, where natural or synthetic substances are used to reduce the risk of developing cancer, are additional options.
Though a daunting prospect for some, it can be a vital, preventative tool that helps women make informed decisions about lifestyle choices and even prophylactic surgery (such as removal of both ovaries and fallopian tubes to prevent cancer) that can reduce overall risk.
In these breeds, if an owner knows the blood-line has a history of gastric dilatation or torsion, he or she may elect to have prophylactic surgery to tack down the stomach and prevent rotation.
This study provides additional data to empower women recognised to be BRCAI or BRCA2 carriers, either to make informed choices about prophylactic surgery or to opt for surveillance.
Preventive strikes; women, precancer, and prophylactic surgery.
2) In the past, some advocated routine prophylactic SUI surgery at the time of prolapse surgery; however, the risks of this prophylactic surgery should also be brought into the equation.
Risk-reducing surgery Called prophylactic surgery, this is when women choose to have healthy ovaries and/or breasts removed to reduce their chance of getting cancer.