Sections I-II concern some of the major for-mulations of the concept of property emergence and pointing out their weaknesses, before is provided an alternative account in section III.
After setting out my preferred account of property emergence and responding to some possible objections to it, Section IV will clarify the notion of emergence operative in the theory of human consciousness that the neurophysiologist R.
However, to take this as a sufficient condition for property emergence is to countenance the possibility of causally idle, i.
A second problem with van Cleve's explication of property emergence is its very reliance on a controversial understanding of causal necessity.
It is vital to a satisfactory account of property emergence, that it incorporate all of these conditions.
This strong form of supervenience is wellsuited to an account of property emergence.
Employing the three component notions just canvassed, the following definition of property emergence seems in order:
Another, frequently-voiced objection to the notion of property emergence is that, even if one grants the internal coherence of the present sort of account, the presence of irreducible emergent properties in material substances is incompatible with contemporary scientific knowledge.
28) Whatever the merits of these conjectures may be, they support my outsider's contention that the body of firmly-established fact in the biological disciplines is capable of countenancing the possibility of property emergence.