resulted in safe, significant, progressive improvement of knee pain, function and stiffness scores among most participants through a mean follow-up of 2.
The exclusion criteria were as followed: (1) presence of another diagnosis of elbow, such as fracture, rheumatologic or neurologic diseases; (2) any prior surgery of the elbow region; (3) history of any injections on affected elbows, such as steroid or prolotherapy
, within 3 months prior to visit; (4) unstable medical condition or known uncontrolled systemic diseases.
Ligament and tendon relaxation treated by prolotherapy
In addition, some patients also received platelet rich plasma therapy, a method of prolotherapy
that involves injection of autologous blood with a high platelet-to-plasma ratio (2).
Recently, there has been growing interest in prolotherapy
injections for this condition [1-3].
I also use several injection therapies, including trigger point muscle injections [injections into muscle knots], utilizing a combination of natural substances--such as MSM--and anesthetic, as well as prolotherapy
[injection of irritating substances] for the neck, back, and joints.
The exclusion criteria were (1) indication for interventional management with multiple simultaneous blocks; (2) pain management with prolotherapy
, radiofrequency or ultrasound-guided trigger points; (3) continued perineural infusion catheter insertion, and (4) able to quantify the pain intensity.
In this review, we will explore four different treatment modalities: bone marrow aspirate injections, prolotherapy
, platelet-rich plasma injections, and autologous conditioned serum injections.
, injection of osmotics or irritants to promote inflammation in the target tissue, is also comparable to steroids.
helps chronic pain and stiffness related to joint osteoarthritis.
My own limited research on the subject has introduced me to cortisone and prolotherapy
injections, various drugs and surgeries, and an extended period of rest as all possible remedies.
Both have been having prolotherapy
in a bid to speed up their recovery time.