progressive muscle relaxation


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Related to progressive muscle relaxation: guided imagery

relaxation

 [re″lak-sa´shun]
a lessening of tension.
relaxation/breathing techniques in the omaha system, activities that relieve muscle tension, induce a quiet body response, and rebuild energy resources; this may include deep breathing exercises, imagery, meditation, and other techniques.
force relaxation the decrease in the amount of force required to maintain a tissue at a set amount of displacement or deformation over time.
progressive relaxation a method of deep muscle relaxation based on the premise that muscle tension is the body's physiological response to anxiety-provoking thoughts and that muscle relaxation blocks anxiety.
progressive muscle relaxation
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as facilitating the tensing and releasing of successive muscle groups while attending to the resulting differences in sensation.
relaxation techniques methods used to promote lessening of tension, reduction of anxiety, and management of pain. Physiologic effects include a decrease in pulse rate, respiratory rate and oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production and elimination, blood pressure, metabolic rate, and muscle tension. Additionally, relaxation can cause peripheral vasodilation and increased peripheral temperature.



Relaxation techniques include full-body relaxation, color exchange, in which a discomfort is given a color and eliminated, and listening to restful music or meditative sounds. Such techniques are helpful in many situations in which persons are tense, in pain, highly stressed, or anxious. They can be useful in the treatment of asthma, hyperventilation, high blood pressure, Raynaud's disease, headache, and peptic ulcers.

Though varied, techniques have several features in common: rhythmic breathing, reduced muscle tension, and an altered state of consciousness. In the latter, the relaxed person sinks into an alpha level of consciousness, which falls between full consciousness and unconsciousness. In this state thought processes become less logical and more associative and creative; hence, one is more receptive to positive suggestions, and better able to concentrate on a single mental image or idea. Upon returning from the alpha state of consciousness to full consciousness one feels rested and more alert.

progressive muscle relaxation

a nursing intervention from the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) defined as facilitating the tensing and releasing of successive muscle groups while attending to the resulting differences in sensation. See also Nursing Interventions Classification.
References in periodicals archive ?
Progressive muscle relaxation has also been widely used with patients with anxiety disorders; it is effective in decreasing respiratory and pulse rates and increasing alpha waves in the brain that are responsible for producing feelings of calmness (Hall & Long, 2009).
For the patient in this investigation, over a year of controlled breathing exercises and progressive muscle relaxation had failed to reduce complaints of chest pain, labored breathing, and feelings of being choked.
Following five weeks of treatment, the aggressive participants who received massage therapy also reported feeling significantly less hastile, but participants who received progressive muscle relaxation did not.
She was also given a tape recording of a relaxation script that she listened to after completing the progressive muscle relaxation technique.
Progressive muscle relaxation involves alternately tensing and relaxing muscles throughout your body, starting with your feet and working your way up.
Twenty-two patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and chronic pain we recruited into a quasi-experimental trial comparing the effects of self-hypnosis training (HYP) with progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) on pain intensity and pain interference; 8 received HYP and the remaining 14 participants were randomly assigned to receive either HYP or PMR.
A pilot study of the use of progressive muscle relaxation training in the management of post-chemotherapy nausea and vomiting.
Progressive muscle relaxation helps your child recognize and reduce body tension associated with pain.
In BFRT, biofeedback is usually augmented with relaxation techniques such as diaphragmatic breathing, progressive muscle relaxation training, autogenic training, guided imagery, and meditation.
The simplest is to sit or lie down twice a day for 10 minutes and try progressive muscle relaxation by concentrating on each muscle in turn from toes to head.
Just 10 minutes of a head and neck massage, progressive muscle relaxation, listening to soothing music or talking to a friend lowered anxiety, depression, confusion and fatigue while boosting energy levels of the 64 women studied.
In the present study, two of these approaches, behavioral relaxation training (Schilling & Poppen, 1983) and progressive muscle relaxation training (Bernstein & Borkovec, 1973) were examined to determine which approach, if either, fosters lower state and trait anxiety in male and female high school students.

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