prodromal symptom

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Related to prodromal symptom: prodromal phase

prodromal symptom

Etymology: Gk, pro + dromos, course, symptoma, that which happens
a symptom that may be the first indication of the onset of a disease.


(sim(p)'tom) [Gr. symptoma, occurrence]
Any change in the body or its functions as perceived by the patient. A symptom represents the subjective experience of disease. Symptoms are described by patients in their complaint or history of the present illness. By contrast, signs are the objective findings observed by health care providers during the examination of patients.

Aspects of general symptom analysis include the following: onset: date, manner (gradual or sudden), and precipitating factors; characteristics: character, location, radiation, severity, timing, aggravating or relieving factors, and associated symptoms; course since onset: incidence, progress, and effects of therapy.

accessory symptom

A minor symptom, or a nonpathognomonic one.
Synonym: assident symptom

accidental symptom

A symptom occurring incidentally during the course of a disease but having no relationship to the disease.

alarm symptom

A symptom that raises the concern that a patient may have a severe illness and requires careful evaluation. For example, in patients with digestive illnesses, findings such as anemia, anorexia, bleeding, dehydration, fever, or weight loss are considered alarm symptoms.

assident symptom

Accessory symptom.

cardinal symptom

A fundamental symptom of a disease.

concomitant symptom

A symptom occurring along with the essential symptoms of a disease.

constitutional symptom

A symptom (such as fever, malaise, loss of appetite) caused by or indicating systemic disease.
Synonym: general symptom

conversion symptom

Conversion reaction.

dissociation symptom

Anesthesia to heat, cold, and pain without loss of tactile sensibility; seen in syringomyelia.

focal symptom

A symptom caused by a lesion to a specific body part or a particular location in the central or peripheral nervous system.
Synonym: local symptom

general symptom

Constitutional symptom.

girdle symptom

A feeling of constriction, e.g., about the chest, as caused by a tight girdle, a symptom in tabes. It is also found in compression of the cord owing to collapse of the vertebrae, as in Pott disease.

Howship symptom

See: Howship, John

indirect symptom

A symptom occurring secondarily as a result of a disease in another organ system or body part.

irritative voiding symptom

Painful or unusually sensitive urination, e.g., as a result of urinary tract infection, urinary stones, other foreign bodies, or tumors.

labyrinthine symptom

A group of symptoms (such as tinnitus, vertigo, or nausea) indicating a disease or lesion of the inner ear.

local symptom

Focal symptom.

medically unexplained symptom

Abbreviation: MUS
MUS A complaint from a patient that has eluded explanation despite assessment by health care practitioners.

negative pathognomonic symptom

A symptom that never occurs in a certain disease or condition; hence, a symptom whose presence rules out the existence of that disease.

objective symptom

A symptom apparent to the observer.
See: sign (2)

passive symptom

Static symptom.

pathognomonic symptom

A symptom that is unmistakably associated with a particular disease.

presenting symptom

The symptom that led the patient to seek medical care.

prodromal symptom


rational symptom

Subjective symptom.

Rumpf symptom

See: Rumpf symptom

Séguin signal symptom

See: Séguin signal symptom

signal symptom

A symptom that is premonitory of an impending condition such as the aura that precedes an attack of epilepsy or migraine.

static symptom

A symptom pert. to the condition of a single organ or structure without reference to the remainder of the body. Synonym: passive symptom

subjective symptom

A symptom apparent only to the patient. Synonym: rational symptom

supratentorial symptom

An informal term for a symptom due to psychological rather than organic causes. The term refers to symptoms with causes originating “above the tentorium cerebelli, ” i.e., in the brain rather than in the body.

sympathetic symptom

A symptom for which there is no specific inciting cause and usually occurring at a point more or less remote from the point of disturbance.
See: sympathy (1)

withdrawal symptom

Any of the symptoms that follow the sudden discontinuation of the use of a substance to which a person has become addicted.
See: withdrawal syndrome
References in periodicals archive ?
Although stroke usually is characterized by the sudden onset of neurological symptoms, prodromal symptoms may occur before the day of hospital admission (Stuart-Shor, Wellenius, DelloIacono, & Mittleman, 2009).
Woods and his associates, oral glycine led to improvement and, in some cases, complete remission of prodromal symptoms in only 8 weeks.
Egeland and her colleagues began prospectively comparing Amish children with an affected parent to those without one in 1987 to determine whether prodromal symptoms or risk factors are apparent at an early age.
It may positively affect the long-term course of the disease or even prevent prodromal symptoms from progressing to frank illness.
SS is characterized by an abrupt onset of tender, warm, erythematous plaques, papules, or nodules along with prodromal symptoms.
In this case, the positive RT-PCR results for influenza A and the pertinent brain MRI findings, as well as the concurrent influenza prodromal symptoms, suggest that acute influenza cerebelllitis, rather than a postinfluenza encephalopathy, caused the associated neurologic findings.
It also prevented and delayed the recurrence of the next herpes episode, making Sitavig an attractive alternative option to systemic antiviral treatment for patients with recurrent HL, when applied within 1 hour after the occurrence of prodromal symptoms.
a normal sign of aging, the history of attempts to detect prodromal symptoms and molecular indicators, genetic, epigenetic, and epidemiological research, and public health efforts in prevention.
Prodromal symptoms lasting for several weeks are followed by dementia, myoclonus, ataxia and abnormalities of vision (1).
The findings have been mostly inconsistent, [35-37] and, in general, have only addressed the relationship between substance use and the onset of psychotic symptoms, and not the possible relevance of prodromal symptoms.
Unlike men, six months to one year prior to having an MI, women may experience prodromal symptoms (McSweeney, O'Sullivan, Cody, & Crane, 2004).
Although pre and post viral titres were not measured in this case, she experienced no prodromal symptoms such as loose stools which are common in cases of viral aetiology (7).