Restylane (two lids) or Juvederm Ultra (eight lids) were injected in the pretarsal
and / or prelevator aponeurosis regions along the length of the upper eyelid deep to the orbicularis oculi muscle using a feathered layered approach until the desired endpoint (resolution of lagophthalmos without obstruction of visual axis) was reached.
Length of posterior pretarsal
seta subequal to anterior pretarsal
BoNT injection reduces the tone of the pretarsal
and preseptal fibers of the orbicularis oculi muscle, thereby providing temporary correction of its inward folding.
irrigatus, mention that the adults can be recognized by the frons without setae; antenna short, same length in both sexes, about 30 flagellomeres; antennal fossae separated by about width of pedicel; fore femur without clavate setae; ocular rim without setae; fore femoral sense hair as long as fore femur and mid femoral sense hair; mesonotum without blade-like setae; tibial spurs present; pretarsal
claws large, longer than one-half length of distal tarsomere; pilula axillaris large; fore wing vein 2A runs in a fairly even curve toward 3A; posterior area of hind wing narrower than presectoral area, CuA bends to hind margin at or before origin of medial fork; anterior banksian line weakly developed; fore wing without dark brown stripe in mediocubital area.
Cosmetic issues that are raised with standard frontalis suspension surgery include scarring in young children, unsatisfactory geometric tenting of the pretarsal
and preseptal skin, obliteration of the eyelid crease and a poor tarso-corneal interface noted with brow elevation and depression.
Comparative studies on the pretarsal
structures in Dinidoridae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomoidea).
Second, the prothoracic legs bear two articulated pretarsal
claws in African Laccocorinae, whereas a single immovable claw is fused to the protibia in Naucorinae.
structure in the Miridae (Hemiptera) with a cladistic analysis of relationships within the family.
claws with one preapical denticle, pulvillus filiform, acuminate.
The inferiorly based flap corresponds to the strip of pretarsal
orbicularis oculi that is considered "excess" and is discarded in other methods.
A subcutaneous tunnel is dissected from the lateral canthus above the pretarsal
orbicularis oculi to the medial aspect of the eye.
claw with one prapical denticle and slender pulvillus.