pressure sore


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sore

 [sor]
a popular term for any lesion of the skin or mucous membrane.
bed sore popular term for pressure ulcer.
cold s's herpes febrilis.
desert sore a form of tropical phagedenic ulcer seen in desert areas of Africa, Australia, and the Middle East.
pressure sore pressure ulcer.

de·cu·bi·tus ul·cer

a chronic ulcer that appears in pressure areas of skin overlying a bony prominence in debilitated patients confined to bed or otherwise immobilized, due to a circulatory defect.

pressure sore

de·cu·bi·tus ul·cer

(dē-kyū'bi-tŭs ŭl'sĕr)
Focal ischemic necrosis of skin and underlying tissues at sites of constant tissue pressure, recurring friction, and inadequate perfusion in patients confined to bed or immobilized by illness; malnutrition worsens the prognosis.
See: decubitus
Synonym(s): bedsore, bed sore, pressure sore, pressure ulcer.

sore

(sor)
1. Tender; painful.
2. Any type of tender or painful ulcer or lesion of the skin or mucous membrane.

bed sore

Pressure ulcer

canker sore

Aphthous ulcer.

cold sore

A thin-walled blister at the junction of the mucous membranes of the mouth and lips. It is caused by recurrent infection with herpes simplex virus (HSV) in those who have antibodies to HSV. Treatment is recommended only for immunocompromised patients, who are given acyclovir.
See: fever blister

Delhi sore

Cutaneous leishmaniasis.

desert sore

An ulcer of the skin of the arms or legs, sometimes caused by diphtheria or staphylococci, typically contracted in Australia or Burma.

hard sore

A syphilitic chancre; primary lesion of syphilis.

jungle sore

Infection of the skin or of poorly tended wounds by Corynebacterium diphtheriae, esp. in warm, moist, tropical climates.

Oriental sore

Cutaneous leishmaniasis.
Enlarge picture
PRESSURE SORE

pressure sore

Pressure ulcer.illustration

primary sore

The initial sore or hard chancre of syphilis.

soft sore

Chancroid.

soft venereal sore

A former name for
chancroid.

tropical sore

Cutaneous leishmaniasis.

wine sore

A slang term for a superficial infected area of the skin seen in alcoholics with poor personal hygiene. It is erroneously thought to be due to specific action of the wine.

de·cu·bi·tus ul·cer

(dē-kyū'bi-tŭs ŭl'sĕr)
Focal ischemic necrosis of skin and underlying tissues at sites of pressure or friction in patients confined to bed or immobilized by illness; malnutrition worsens prognosis.
Synonym(s): bedsore, bed sore, pressure sore, pressure ulcer.

pressure

stress or strain, by compression, expansion, pull, thrust or shear.

arterial pressure
the blood pressure in the arteries.
atmospheric pressure
the pressure exerted by the atmosphere, about 15 lb per square inch (2.17 kPa) at sea level.
capillary pressure
the blood pressure in the capillaries.
central venous pressure (CVP)
see central venous pressure.
cerebrospinal pressure
the pressure of the cerebrospinal fluid, normally 100 to 150 mmHg.
diastolic pressure
the lowest pressure recorded in the arterial blood pressure cycle. Represents the minimal pressure in the left ventricle which can maintain its ejection phase. See also blood pressure.
pressure gauge
a device attached to the outlet of gas tanks to measure internal pressure which indicates the quantity of gas remaining.
pressure gradient
the rate of increase (or decrease) in the magnitude of the pressure being measured.
intracranial pressure (ICP)
see intracranial pressure.
intraocular pressure (IOP)
the pressure exerted against the outer coats by the contents of the eyeball.
pressure load
mean circulatory filling pressure
a measure of the average (arterial and venous) pressure necessary to cause filling of the circulation with blood; it varies with blood volume and is directly proportional to the rate of venous return and thus to cardiac output.
pressure natriuresis
thought to participate in regulating the volume of extracellular fluid levels when the normal neurohumoral mediators are impaired; the increase in water and sodium ion excretions which occur when blood pressure is elevated because of an increase in the circulating blood volume.
pressure necrosis
necrosis of tissue caused by exclusion of circulation by external compression, e.g. in prolonged recumbency, or due to too-tight bandage, collar, harness.
negative pressure
pressure less than that of the atmosphere.
oncotic pressure
the osmotic pressure of a colloid in solution.
osmotic pressure
the potential pressure of a solution directly related to its solute osmolar concentration; it is the maximum pressure developed by osmosis in a solution separated from another by a semipermeable membrane, i.e. the pressure that will just prevent osmosis between two such solutions.
pressure point granuloma
see pressure points (below).
pressure point pyoderma
see pressure points (below).
pressure points
parts of the body subject to pressure when the animal is recumbent, wearing harness or saddlery, or during restraint. Usually bony prominences such as the point of the hock, hip, shoulder, elbow and lateral aspects of limbs. These are predisposed to callus formation, infection pyoderma and granulomas.
positive pressure
pressure greater than that of the atmosphere.
pulse pressure
difference between systolic and diastolic pressures in arteries.
pressure receptors
e.g. the blood pressure receptors in the aortic arch and the carotid sinus.
pressure sore
decubitus ulcer.
systolic pressure
the highest reading in the arterial blood pressure cycle. A reflection of the ejection pressure of left ventricular systole, and the elasticity of the arterial system.
venous pressure
the blood pressure in the veins. See also central venous pressure.
wedge pressure
intravascular pressure as measured by a swan-ganz catheter introduced into the pulmonary artery; it permits indirect measurement of the mean left atrial pressure.
pressure wrap
bandages which apply pressure to underlying tissues; used after trauma to limit the development of edema, and in the management of lymphedema.

sore

a popular term for any lesion of the skin or mucous membrane.

bed sore
decubitus ulcer.
foam sore
sore foot syndrome
erosion of the pads in recently captured large cats. Caused by ceaseless walking and pivoting on a concrete floor.
sore head
sore hocks
see ulcerative pododermatitis.
sore knee
sore mouth
see contagious ecthyma, vesicular stomatitis.
sore muzzle
in sheep, see bluetongue.
sore nose
common name for facial dermatitis in gerbils. There is hypersecretion of the Harderian gland with accumulation of porphyrin pigment in the skin, causing irritation, self-trauma and secondary infection. Caused by overcrowding and excessive humidity.
pressure sore
decubitus ulcer.
summer sore
sweat sore

Patient discussion about pressure sore

Q. I ask a client's Dr. to script flexaril for a lower back spasm and he made it for a drug called zanaflex? I am unfamiliar with zanaflex, what is the difference between it and flexaril 25mg? Benefits? Risks? I got him to order the air mattress and extended bed because client is 6'3" and is already bedridden on my 1st day..try to beat the skin breakdown, already stage I decubitis ulcers. I tried to talk the client into slideboard and lift away arm wheelchair...noway..he wants to walk bent with a rolling walker. He already had a lift chair delivered, so he just goes from bed to lift chair. He refuses to let me bathe him. He can't see, and he has me check his draw up on insulin to make sure it's right. He sends the P.T. man right back out the door after he signs the sheet. Difficult pt.!

A. Flexeril and Zanaflex are different drugs but are both muscle relaxants. There are hardly any differences between the two, clinically wise. If the doctor thought one is better than the other for your client I would suggest you take his advice and use the one he gave you.

More discussions about pressure sore
References in periodicals archive ?
Material and Methods: Patients treated for stage 3 and stage 4 sacral pressure sores in our clinic in the past 5 years were included in the study.
An award of PS40,000 was made to a 55-year-old man who developed grade four pressure sores on his sacrum, heels and the back of his head.
Obviously taking pressure off a pressure sore is the first step to treating it, but that will only keep it from getting worse, not necessarily help it get better.
The SGAP flap provides an ample amount of tissue, with good vascularity, to cover large sacral pressure sores in one stage and does not sacrifice the vascularity or innervation of the underlying gluteus maximus muscle.
Postoperatively all patients were given appropriate antibiotics for 3 to 5 days, all patients were discharged on 3rd to 7th day except for the 2 who required 2nd flap for the same pressure sore.
Ischial pressure sore reconstruction using an inferior gluteal artery perforator (IGAP) flap.
Five patients had pressure sores on admission but only 1 additional pressure sore developed in the unit.
Understanding predisposing factors and the principles of pressure sore prevention, in conjunction with being able to select appropriate devices and equipment to reduce the risk of pressure sore development, are key factors to a successful prevention and treatment plan.
While in the overall sample no other diagnosis came close to the frequency of pressure sores and urinary tract infections, there still were some patterns that emerged when study participants were grouped by injury severity, age, and duration of injury.
This study was part of a general, randomized controlled trial to compare the efficacy, practicability and cost of alternating pressure (AP) and constant low pressure (CLP) supports for preventing pressure sores in hospital [2].
A pressure sore (or bed sore) is an injury to the skin and tissue under it.
The judgment came after an inquest heard that Maureen Parry, owner and manager of the Halewood Residential Home in Llannerch Road West, Rhos-on-Sea, failed to seek medical help for 80-year-old Gloria Forrester despite 19 references in the home's records to her having a pressure sore.