prelingual hearing loss

Hearing loss that precedes the onset of speech or learning spoken language; it is severe, stable, and less common than post-lingual hearing loss.
Aetiology Prelingual hearing loss is largely inherited: 50% are monogenic, 75% are autosomal recessive; 20%, autosomal dominant; 5%, X-linked recessive; the rest are caused by perinatal factors, infections in infancy or trauma

prelingual hearing loss

Prelingual deafness Audiology Hearing loss that precedes the onset of speech or learning spoken language; it is severe, stable, and less common than postlingual hearing loss; 50% of PHL is monogenic, 75% of PHL is AR; 20%, AD; 5%, X-R; the rest are caused by perinatal factors, infections in infancy, or trauma. See Hearing loss. Cf Postlingual hearing loss.
References in periodicals archive ?
So, speech impairment and reduced speech intelligibility are expected consequences of prelingual hearing loss if early and substantive intervention does not occur (Hudgins & Numbers, 1942; Smith, 1975; Yoshinaga-Itano & Sedey, 1998).
Consequently, they often are poorly articulated or omitted by speakers with severe-to-profound prelingual hearing loss (Geffner, 1980; Tye-Murray & Kirk, 1993).