prehypertension


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prehypertension

A borderline health state of increased blood pressure (BP) that falls short of the measurable parameters at which surveillance and/or therapy would be required based on evidence-based guidelines, defined by the Joint National Committee report as a systolic BP between 120 and 139 mm Hg, and/or a diastolic BP between 80 and 89 mm Hg. BP greater than the above values is considered hypertension.

pre·hy·per·ten·sion

(prē-hī'pĕr-ten'shŭn)
Classification from The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure for blood pressure systolic reading of 120-139 mmHg and diastolic reading of 80-89 mmHg. Blood pressure in this range warrants management to prevent progression to hypertension.

prehypertension

(prē″hī″pĕr-ten′chĭn) [ pre- + hypertension]
Having a systolic blood pressure between 120 and 139 mm Hg and/or a diastolic blood pressure between 80 and 89 mm Hg. People with prehypertension have an increased risk for strokes, heart attacks, and kidney failure relative to individuals whose blood pressure is below 120/80.
References in periodicals archive ?
23 percent of prehypertension and 9 percent of stage 1 users reduced their systolic blood pressure into the normal range below 120 mmHg.
Systolic or diastolic prehypertension was defined as SBP or DBP between the 90th and 95th percentile for age, sex, and height.
Reduction in Blood Pressure from Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes mm Hg Systolic BP Diastolic BP Nonoverweight (n = 506) 10 8 Overweight (n = 858) 7 6 Obese (n = 1,113) 6 5 Note: Based on adults with prehypertension who participated for an average of 6 months.
PER SERVING (1/2 cup) Calories: 120 Sodium: 50 mg Total Fat; 3 g Cholesterol; 0 mg Sat Fat: 0 g /Trans Fat: 0 g Carbohydrates: 20 g Fiber: 4 g Protein: 3 g Drop after 6 weeks on each diet Higher- Starting Higher- Higher- Unsaturated- Level Carb Protein Fat Systolic Blood Pressure People with 147 -13 -16 -16 hypertension (140-159) People with 128 -7 -8 -8 prehypertension (120-139) LDL ("bad") cholesterol People with elevated 157 -20 -24 -22 LDL (130 or higher) People without 105 -4 -6 -5 elevated LDL (below 130) HDL ("good") cholesterol 50 -1 -3 0 Triglycerides 102 0 -16 -9 Estimated 10-year risk -20% -30% -30% of heart disease * * Based on Framingham Risk Score (for women) and PROCAM (for men).
In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, subjects with prehypertension or stage 1 hypertension were supplemented with 2,000 fibrinolytic units of nattokinase or placebo for 8 weeks.
Moreover, pathophysiologic differences--such as increased heart rate and plasma norepinephrine--were observed in individuals with prehypertension.
But they predicted that this number would be small compared to the number of children with prehypertension and hypertension who are identified.
The new Physician & Payer Forum report Metabolic Syndrome: Clinician and Payer Attitudes to Prediabetes and Prehypertension finds that most MCOs allow clinicians a high level of prescribing freedom in relation to prediabetes, but that between five percent and 40 percent of MCOs that cover the antidiabetic agents covered in the survey said they do not reimburse these agents for prediabetes.
In addition, those with prehypertension have a 40 percent greater risk of dying from either a heart attack or stroke compared to those with normal blood pressure.
High levels of anger and long-term psychological stress are independent predictors that prehypertension will progress to hypertension, coronary artery disease, and coronary artery disease-related death, Dr.
Lifestyle changes, including weight management, should be the first step in preventing or delaying the progression of prehypertension to hypertension and in reducing other comorbid risk factors," Ms.