predisposing factor


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Related to predisposing factor: solation, mitmachen, thelium

predisposing factor

Etymology: L, prae + disponere, to dispose
any conditioning factor that influences both the type and the amount of resources that the individual can elicit to cope with stress. It may be biological, psychological, genetic, or sociocultural.

risk factor

Epidemiology
An aspect of personal behaviour or lifestyle, an environmental exposure, or an inborn or inherited characteristic associated with an increased likelihood of disease or other health-related event or condition; a variable that affects the probability of a specified adverse event.
 
Medspeak-UK
Any social (e.g., domestic violence), economic (e.g., poverty), biological (e.g., breast cancer gene), behavioural (e.g., smoking) or environmental (e.g., air pollution) factor that is associated with—but does not independently cause—an increased risk of a particular disease, injury or physical or mental illness.

NIH Office Rare Disease
An aspect of personal behaviour or lifestyle, an environmental exposure, or an inborn or inherited characteristic known from scientific evidence to be associated with a health effect.
 
Psychiatry
Any attribute associated with an increased risk of suicide.

Public health
Any factor, based on epidemiological research, known to be linked to a particular disease—e.g., smoking and lung cancer; red meat and colorectal cancer; sedentary lifestyle and heart disease.

Suicidology
Any factor, based on epidemiology, which has been linked to an increased risk of suicide—e.g., suicide of a close friend or family member, stressor in the environment, major adverse life event.
 
Veterinary medicine
An individual attribute or exposure that is positively or negatively associated with the occurrence of a disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
The CT allows for multi-planar demonstration of abnormal torsion of the stomach and also provides valuable insights into possible aetiologies, and predisposing factors.
A predisposing factor for obstetric brachial plexus lesions.
Table 2: Predisposing factors in 159 patients with infective endo-carditis Predisposing factor No.
When the clinical picture includes the presence of sinusitis with black discoloration in the nose and palate in addition to a predisposing factor, a diagnosis of RCM should be highly suspected.
Predisposing factors among 79 patients with nosocomial candidemia, Helsinki University Central Hospital, 1995-1999 (a) Predisposing factor No.
These alterations of her hormonal status might have been a predisposing factor for her infection; it has been suggested that such alterations play a role in isolated sphenoid sinus aspergillosis, which is predominantly seen in elderly women.
This was illustrated in two series of patients with postadenoidectomy velopalatal insufficiency; in both studies, the authors found that submucosal clefting was the most common predisposing factor to this complication.
Chemotherapy is a known predisposing factor for anaerobic bacteremia because it causes gastrointestinal ulceration, which permits anaerobes to enter circulation (4).
The most common predisposing factor in the development of an aortobronchial fistula is surgical repair of a thoracic aneurysm, particularly one that involves patch aortoplasty.
The presence of a permanent tracheal stoma in a laryngectomized adult is a predisposing factor for foreign-body aspiration, as are conditions that impair normal protective airway mechanisms.
An extensive review of the literature indicated that the principal predisposing factor for laryngeal carcinoma is irradiation of benign head and neck lesions, particularly juvenile laryngeal papillomas.
1) The causes of SEH fall into 3 main categories: 1) Posttraumatic, following vertebral fractures, obstetrical birth trauma, epidural anesthesia, lumbar puncture, spinal surgery, and stab wounds; 2) a variety of predisposing conditions, such as anticoagulant therapy (recognized to be the most common predisposing factor), coagulation disorders, arteriovenous malformation, cavernous angiomas, spinal cord neoplasm, pregnancy, Paget's disease, hypertension, and collagen vascular disorder; and 3) spontaneous, for which no predisposing factors can be identified.