Shell area, weight, and crushing force were compared between treatments using both a three-way mixed ANOVA model, with predation
level and food availability as fixed factors and tank as a random factor, and a two-way factorial ANOVA model, with predation
level and food availability as fixed factors and oyster values averaged across tanks.
Nevertheless, the results agree with the finding of other studies that show that weight bearing may represent a physical handicap to females and increase the predation
Their findings also provided other interesting insights into predation
More recent studies recognized the predation
potential of this species and examined its feeding on juvenile urchins (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) (Clemente et al.
The sex by species interaction allowed us to test if sexes responded to predation
Third, more financially constrained firms are subject to higher predation
Marking nests with (lags in this way does not influence predation
rates at our study site (Strickland et al, 2010).
In the predation
risk trial, we examined the rabbits' choice of feeding stations containing PSM-free food placed under dark (low predation
risk) versus transparent (high predation
Attached to each predation
timer was a 50 cm length of 3.
In 2011, I recovered 2 radio-collared (VHF) fawns on Prince of Wales Island that I suspected succumbed from Bald Eagle predation
This evidence points to predation
, Porter said, instead of other processes like mineral growth that can poke holes in fossils.
In this last case, seed predation
rates may increase as the activity of generalist predator species, adapted to edge environments, may extend further into the fragment (Wilcove, 1985), or decrease, due to edge aversion of some predator species (Burkey, 1993).