precautionary principle


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precautionary principle

application in health care policy of the ancient medical maxim primum non nocere ("above all, do no harm").

precautionary principle

A risk management principle, originally developed in the environmental movement, based on the concept of avoiding any new action (e.g., introducing a new technology or a new drug) that carries a hypothetical risk for human health or the environment, regardless of whether the hypothesis has been subjected to formal testing.
See also: principle
References in periodicals archive ?
In an illuminating contribution, Stephen Gardiner has argued that a core version of the precautionary principle could be designed around the Rawlsian maximin principle.
The Commission applies two different standards regarding GMO legislation to the European Union in general versus the individual Member States regarding the use of the precautionary principle to justify regulations, and the requirements of scientific evidence in assessing risk.
Second, the potential impact on society is enormous, whether it be from smoking, obesity or climate change, and the precautionary principle requires that action be taken to protect society.
2) By 1991, the precautionary principle was heralded as "the most important new policy approach in international environmental cooperation.
The "strong" version of the precautionary principle has been significantly criticized.
This is exactly the precautionary principle [For details on these Islamic Principles, see 3 and 19].
This mysterious assessment, however, is not shared by the European Union Parliament in September 4, 2008, with reference to more than 1500 scientific studies in the Bioinitiative Report stating that the current limits are obsolete and have to be lowered and that the precautionary principle must be taken into consideration.
By framing the issues in this way, Kessler (2011) intimated that the precautionary principle could serve as a valuable guide for future research and policy making.
Last and most important, both CMP and REACH invoke the use of the precautionary principle as the fundamental component of its risk management system.
Several issues have emerged in the application of the precautionary principle in the environmental sector.