However, it can occasionally be seen in bacterial empyemas (where the necrotic tissue typically is made up of inflammatory cells with relatively few mesothelial cells), tuberculous and fungal infections in the pleura, and as a reaction to talc poudrage
Reported rates of effectiveness of pleurodesis with talc poudrage range from 43.
Moreover, talc poudrage insufflation by MT has optimal results in pleurodesis (8) and less side effects than tetracycline/doxycycline/povoiodine (9).
Thoracoscopy and talc poudrage in the management of hepatic hydrothorax.
Thoracoscopic talc poudrage pleurodesis for chronic recurrent pleural effusions.
In animal studies, there appears to be no difference between slurry and poudrage talc pleurodesis in malignant effusion .
performed talc poudrage in 18 patients with persistent hepatic hydrothorax with a 3 month follow up period.
Talc was first used by Bethune in 1935 for pleurodesis and since then it has been widely employed, either as talc poudrage or a talc slurry (3).
In the same survey, talc (both poudrage or slurry) was associated with significantly more complications (4).
Phase III intergroup study of talc poudrage vs talc slurry sclerosis for malignant pleural effusion.
et al: Thoracoscopic talc poudrage
pleurodesis for malignant effusions.