potassium nitrate

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po·tas·si·um ni·trate

sometimes used as a diuretic and diaphoretic; formerly it was included in asthmatic powders containing stramonium leaves.
Synonym(s): niter, saltpeter


a chemical element, atomic number 19, atomic weight 39.102, symbol K. See Table 6. In combination with other minerals, potassium forms alkaline salts that are important in body processes and play an essential role in maintenance of its acid-base and water balance. All body cells, especially muscle tissue, require a high content of potassium. A proper balance between sodium, calcium and potassium in the blood plasma is necessary for proper cardiac function. Alfalfa meal, molasses and soyabean meal are good sources for herbivores.

potassium acetate, bicarbonate, bitartrate, citrate, gluconate
electrolyte replenishers, weak diuretics and urinary alkalinizers. Some are also used as expectorants.
potassium arsenite
potassium bromide
used in the treatment of seizures in humans and dogs.
potassium carbonate
used commercially as a fertilizer.
potassium channel
see channel.
potassium chloride
a compound used orally or intravenously as an electrolyte replenisher.
potassium cyanide
may be present in industrial effluents. A potent cause of cyanide poisoning.
potassium deficiency
nutritional deficiency of potassium is very rare. In calves can cause poor growth, anemia and diarrhea. Experimental deficiency in piglets causes also incoordination and cardiac insufficiency.
potassium exchange resins
an oral preparation administered to limit the amount of potassium available for absorption; used in the management of hyperkalemia. See also ion-exchange resin; sodium polystyrene sulfonate.
potassium guaiacolsulfonate
an expectorant.
potassium hydroxide (syn. potassium hydrate)
used commercially as a caustic. In veterinary medicine used mostly for clearing skin scrapings in the diagnosis of ectoparasite infestation.
potassium iodate
used as a constituent of salt blocks and mixes to supplement the diet with iodine. Overdosing will cause iodism.
potassium iodide
an expectorant and antithyroid agent.
potassium nitrate
used commercially as a fertilizer and a meat preservative. Can cause nitrate poisoning or nitrite poisoning in ruminants.
potassium nitrite
a compound sometimes used in place of potassium nitrate. Overdosing causes methemoglobin formation and severe, sometimes fatal hypoxia.
potassium nutritional deficiency
causes poor growth, anemia and diarrhea in pigs and calves. Electrocardiographic changes are also recorded. See also hypokalemia.
potassium oxalate
causes oxalate poisoning.
potassium permanganate
a topical anti-infective, oxidizing agent, and antidote for many poisons. See also permanganate.
potassium phosphate
a cathartic.
potassium pump
see sodium pump.
potassium sodium tartrate
a compound used as a saline cathartic and also in combination with sodium bicarbonate and tartaric acid (Seidlitz powders, a cathartic).
References in periodicals archive ?
Seeds primed in Potassium Nitrate solution had the highest mean germination-time, followed by Hydrochloric acid, while priming with solutions of Sodium Chloride and PEG significantly declined this parameter over the control (Table 3).
The other ingredients in the toothpaste, monofluorophosphate and potassium nitrate, are routinely used in 'sensitive' toothpastes.
Preservatives to avoid: E210 Benzoic acid; E211 Sodium benzoate; E211 Potassium benzoate; E213 Calcium benzoate; E214 Ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate; E215 Ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate sodium salt; E216 Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate; E217 Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate sodium salt; E218 Methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate; E219 Methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate sodium salt; E220 Sulphur dioxide; E221 Sodium dioxide; E222 Sodium hydrogen sulphite; E223 Sodium metabisulphite; E224 Potassium metabisulphite; E226 Calcium sulphite; E227 Calcium hydrogen sulphite; E230 Biphenyl; E231 2-Hydroxybiphenyl; E232 Sodium biphenyl-2-yl oxide; E233 2-(Thiazol-4-yl) benzimidazole; E239 Hexaminep; E249 Potassium nitrite; E250 Sodium nitrite; E251 Sodium nitrate; E252 Potassium nitrate.
Keywords: Crayfish, Urea, Potassium Nitrate, and Potassium Carbonate
The last millennium started dangerously when the Chinese mixed charcoal, sulphur and potassium nitrate and produced gunpowder.
The boy was playing in a street in Billericay, Essex, with two friends, aged 15 and 16, when he lit the envelope, which is thought to have held potassium nitrate and it blew up in his face.
with 45% participation by Siemens, is the only worldwide producer of commercially available solar receiver tubes, the key components of solar thermodynamic plants run with parabolic trough technology, which use sodium and potassium nitrate (molten salts) as their heat transfer fluid.
The largest potassium nitrate deposits are concentrated in Chile and India.
Officers found notes detailing his massacre plans, bomb-making books, including The Anarchists Cookbook, and explosive substances sulphur powder and potassium nitrate which he had bought online using his dad's eBay account.
During the day, energy is stored by heating up large tanks of molten salt composed of a mixture of 60 percent potassium nitrate and 40 percent sodium nitrate.
It also does not contain potassium nitrate, due to the low incidence of sensitivity in pediatric patients.
Ali had bought "significant" amounts of potassium nitrate and calcium chloride - innocuous chemicals which could be used to prepare a bomb.