postural


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Related to postural: postural hypotension, postural drainage, Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome, postural tremor, postural vertigo, postural muscles, Postural hypertension

postural

 [pos´chur-al]
pertaining to posture or position.
postural drainage a technique in which the patient assumes one or more positions that will facilitate the drainage of secretions from the bronchial airways. The procedure uses gravity to move secretions toward the trachea, where they can be coughed up more easily. Choice of position is based on radiologic studies and auscultatory evidence of pooled secretions. Variations of the most effective position are adapted to the patient's general physical condition, tolerance, and pulmonary status.

External manipulation of the thorax includes percussion (or “clapping,”) and vibration, often done in conjunction with postural drainage; they may be done either manually or with mechanical devices. Percussion involves rhythmic striking of the chest wall over the area being drained. The manual method is done with hands cupped, fingers flexed, and thumbs held tightly against index fingers. If done properly, a hollow sound is heard and there is no discomfort to the patient.

Vibration is done immediately after percussion and is directed to the same area. While the patient performs a prolonged exhalation through pursed lips, the therapist presses the flat of the hands or the mechanical device against the thorax in a downward movement toward the midline of the body. This is repeated four or five times. While neither percussion nor vibration is a difficult technique to master, anyone attempting to assist the patient in this manner should have instruction and practice beforehand. The purpose of both activities is to dislodge plugs of mucus, allowing air to penetrate behind them and thus aid in their removal.

The American Association for Respiratory Care has published clinical guidelines, which are available on their web site at http://www.aarc.org. These indicate that bronchospasm is sometimes a complication of external manipulation of the thorax.

pos·tur·al

(pos'tyūr-ăl, pos'cher-ăl),
Relating to or affected by posture.

pos·tur·al

(pos'chŭr-ăl)
Relating to or affected by posture.

postural

pertaining to posture or position.

postural reflexes, postural reactions
reflexes which respond to changes of position of the body or head to maintain the eyes looking straight ahead and the poll-nose axis pointing similarly, e.g. hanging the animal by its hindlimbs should provoke a lifting of the nose, and if this is obstructed an upward rotation of the eyeball.
References in periodicals archive ?
Postural tachycardia syndrome: a heterogeneous and multifactorial disorder.
This work builds upon that finding by developing a novel algorithm for a postural controller that is not dependent on PCA to derive the postural vectors.
Thomas Paul Schmidt, a research associate in the department of radiology and biomedical imaging at the University of California San Francisco, and San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, said based on both anecdotal and empirical findings, postural instabilities with eyes open or closed appear to be highly prevalent in treatment-seeking AD individuals.
Kendall has referenced swayback as a primary postural fault.
Clifford and Power (12), for example, studied postural control differences in 20 healthy subjects, and their results showed that although healthy subjects used different postural control strategy for the functionally dominant leg as compared to the nondominant leg, postural sway was similar between legs in quiet standing tasks.
Postural stabilite icin govde kas kuvvetlerinin yeterli olmasi gereklidir.
PH disinda baska bir norolojik bozuklugu olan, dengeyi etkileyebilecek postural hipotansiyon, gorme ve vestibuler bozuklugu olan, lokomosyonu etkileyebilecek kardiyovaskuler veya kas-iskelet sistemi problemi olan ve antihipertansif, antiaritmik, antidepresan ilac alan olgular calisma disi birakildi.
Poor postural balance is one of the major risk factors for falling, (21) and deterioration in postural stability in patients with AS may contribute to the number of falls.
Postural Assessment is a guide to determining muscular or fascial imbalance and whether that imbalance contributes to a patient's pain or dysfunction.
The system intuitively incorporates concepts of body alignment, pressure distribution, well appointed directional forces, and postural control.
The Vital Psoas Muscle: Connecting Physical, Emotional, and Spiritual Well-Being considers this specific muscle, located in the front hip joint and lower spine and critical for postural alignment, movement and overall well-being.