posttraumatic stress disorder


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to posttraumatic stress disorder: borderline personality disorder

posttraumatic

 [pōst″traw-mat´ik]
following injury.
posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD; an anxiety disorder caused by exposure to an intensely traumatic event, such as rape or assault, military combat or bombing of civilians, torture, death camps, natural disasters, terrible accidents, developmentally inappropriate sexual experiences, or life-threatening illness. Characteristics include reexperiencing the traumatic event in recurrent intrusive recollections, nightmares, or flashbacks; avoidance of trauma-associated stimuli and a generalized numbing of emotional responsiveness; and hyperalertness with difficulty in sleeping, remembering, or concentrating. The onset of symptoms may be delayed for months to years after the event.

post·trau·mat·ic stress dis·or·der (PTSD),

1. development of characteristic long-term symptoms following a psychologically traumatic event that is generally outside the range of usual human experience; symptoms include persistently reexperiencing the event and attempting to avoid stimuli reminiscent of the trauma, numbed responsiveness to environmental stimuli, a variety of autonomic and cognitive dysfunctions, and dysphoria.
2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when the specified criteria are met.

posttraumatic stress disorder

n. Abbr. PTSD
A psychiatric disorder resulting from a traumatizing experience, such as torture, rape, or military combat, characterized by recurrent flashbacks of the traumatic event, nightmares, persistent negative emotions such as anger, fear, or shame, and difficulty experiencing positive emotions.

posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

a DSM-IV psychiatric disorder characterized by an acute emotional response to a traumatic event or situation involving severe environmental stress, such as a natural disaster, airplane crash, serious automobile accident, military combat, or physical torture.

posttraumatic stress disorder

Psychology A psychologic disorder linked to the mental stress of intense trauma or armed conflict; PTSD is defined as one or more of the following: Sx related to re-experiencing a traumatic event, Sx related to avoiding stimuli associated with the trauma, numbing of general responsiveness, or Sx related to ↑ arousal with long-term psychologic 'scars' Etiology Combat, rape, child abuse, witnessing a violent event, or any serious medical or psychological trauma Clinical Nightmares, inability to concentrate, and intrusive thoughts about the traumatic event, numbing, irritability, guilt–for having survived when others died, recurrent nightmares, flashbacks to traumatic scene, overreactions to loud noises, dissociation, anxiety or panic attacks, depression, or anger; PTSD is associated with ↑ alcoholism and may arise in a background of child abuse, PTSD is similar to the 'Vietnam syndrome'; the 'shell shock' form of PTSD occurs in less than 1% of the general population, 15-35% of Vietnam veterans, 30-50% of those exposed to natural disasters and up to 80% of those exposed to man-made disasters–eg, Bhopal. Cf Battle fatigue.

post·trau·mat·ic stress dis·or·der

(PTSD) (pōst'traw-mat'ik stres dis-ōr'dĕr)
Anxiety disorder that is a syndrome of responses to extremely disturbing, often life-threatening, events such as combat, natural disaster, torture, maltreatment, or rape.

post·trau·mat·ic stress dis·or·der

(PTSD) (pōst'traw-mat'ik stres dis-ōr'dĕr)
Development of characteristic long-term symptoms following a psychologically harmful event that is generally outside range of usual human experience; symptoms include persistently reexperiencing event and attempting to avoid stimuli reminiscent of the trauma, numbed responsiveness to environmental stimuli, autonomic and cognitive dysfunctions, and dysphoria.
References in periodicals archive ?
Stress doses of hydrocortisone, traumatic memories, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder in patients after cardiac surgery: a randomized study.
Report of Consensus Conference: Practice Recommendations for Treatment of Veterans with Comorbid Substance Use Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.
A panic attack can occur with all the anxiety disorders, and individuals who experience posttraumatic stress disorder can experience a panic attack when they are reminded of the life-threatening event.
Randomized trial of prolonged exposure for posttraumatic stress disorder with and without cognitive restructuring.
Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in the community: The 1996 Detroit Area Survey of Trauma.
Key Words: PTSD, Posttraumatic Stress disorder, Substance Use Disorder, Exposure Therapy, Comorbidity, Alcoholism, Drug Abuse.
Not everyone who undergoes a potentially traumatic event will go on to develop chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD, Kesler et al.
Regardless of whether isolation and quarantine induce posttraumatic stress disorder, public health officials must be cognizant of and prepared to supply appropriate emotional and social support to persons subject to isolation or quarantine.
Epidemiological studies give evidence that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health issue among many different cross-sections of society (Breslau, Davis, Andreski, & Peterson, 1991; Breslau et al.
Many cases of posttraumatic stress disorder went untreated, he said.
Elevated nitric oxide/peroxynitrite mechanism for the common etiology of multiple chemical sensitivity, chronic fatigue syndrome and posttraumatic stress disorder.