Studies have shown that remnants can circulate for extended periods of time postprandially
, even in individuals with normal fasting triglyceride concentrations.
Thus, in paired fasting and postprandial samples, mechanisms other than hemodilution appear at play in causing the postprandial lowering in the LDL-C concentration, despite the voluntary consumption of water postprandially
Only drinking water was allowed postprandially
(see online Supplemental Data).
Alternatively, the surface area of lipids, chylomicrons, and VLDL change over time postprandially
after ingesting a large amount of fat (26) and thereby could affect the blood/air partition coefficient of BD.
Twenty-four-hour probe monitoring--widely seen as the standard for evaluating reflux--is sensitive and specific for detecting and quantifying acid GER, but not in situations in which acid levels tend to be lower, such as in young infants or postprandially
, when food may buffer the acidity.
If HbA1c levels are above target, the AACE recommends more frequent SMBG: preprandially, 2 hours postprandially
, occasionally between 2 am and 3 am, during illness, or anytime a low glucose level is suspected.
Although it has been shown recently that total apoC-III concentrations do not change postprandially
(21), it cannot be excluded that an even stronger association with cardiovascular mortality risk could be obtained by measuring apoC-III in separate lipoprotein fractions instead of whole plasma.
We actually saw a greater increase in peak flow postprandially
with both the oats and the vitamin E," he reported.
Preprandial glucagon levels were comparable in both groups; however, glucagon levels increased postprandially
in patients with T2DM but decreased in those without T2DM such that postprandial glucagon levels were 60% higher in patients with T2DM.
Moreover, in analyses stratified by time since the last meal, triglyceride concentrations measured 4 h postprandially
had the strongest association with cardiovascular events, with a fully adjusted hazard ratio (95% CI) for the highest to the lowest tertile of 4.