postpartum contraception


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postpartum contraception

The use of hormone therapies or mechanical means of contraception after delivery.

Patient care

Women who have no risk factors for blood clotting may safely begin or resume hormonal contraception 21 days after delivery. Women who have risk factors for venous thromboembolism (such as a prior blood clot in the legs, pelvis or lungs, age over 35 years, cardiomyopathy, a history of smoking, postpartum hemorrhage, or cesarean delivery should delay hormonal contraception for at least 42 days.

See also: contraception
References in periodicals archive ?
Using communication materials (leaflets, posters, wall paintings and booklets), workers educated all pregnant women registered for the study and their mother-in-law or the oldest female family member on healthy timing and spacing of pregnancy (first pregnancy should be delayed until age 18, women should wait at least 24 months after a live birth and six months after an abortion or miscarriage before planning their next pregnancy), postpartum care, the lactational amenorrhea method and postpartum contraception.
To determine if the intervention was associated with increased knowledge and use of postpartum contraception, we used regression analyses.
When the data were broken down by race, highly effective postpartum contraception use ranged from a low of 35% among Asian/Pacific Islanders to a high of 71% among black women and American Indian/Alaska Native women.
Finally, the study demonstrated that immediate postpartum contraception may be necessary in many new mothers because they are not breast-feeding long enough or frequently enough to maintain lactational amenorrhea.