postoperative nausea and vomiting


Also found in: Wikipedia.

postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV)

nausea and vomiting occurring after a surgical procedure.
References in periodicals archive ?
Charleston's product pipeline currently seeks to address unmet medical needs for patients with Opioid-Induced Nausea and Vomiting (OINV), Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV), Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting (CINV), Radiation-Induced Nausea and Vomiting (RINV), and Migraine-Induced Nausea and Vomiting (MINV).
Alpha-2 agonists also seem to decrease postoperative nausea and vomiting, presumably by reducing the sympathetic tone; it has been suggested that postoperative nausea and vomiting may be triggered by high catecholamine concentrations.
Writing in the June issue of Anesthesia and Analgesia, official journal of the International Anesthesia Research Society (IARS), Dr Shu-Ming Wang of University of California-Irvine and colleagues stated, "[C]linical trials support the efficacy of acupuncture in reducing postoperative nausea and vomiting and postoperative pain.
2009) Stimulation of the wrist acupuncture point P6 for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting (review) The Cochran Collaboration.
Postoperative nausea and vomiting was observed in seven cases (4.
075 mg IV is also approved by FDA as a single intravenous dose administered immediately before the induction of anaesthesia for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) for up to 24 hours following surgery.
075- mg palonosetron injection for postoperative nausea and vomiting in the first 24 hours after surgery.
There was no clinically significant difference between the groups with respect to (1) the amount of operating time, (2) the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting, dysphonia, and primary or secondary bleeding, and (3) the amount of time patients needed to resume normal diet and activities.
3] receptor antagonists ondansetron or granisetron to women undergoing cesarean delivery with neuraxial anesthesia significantly reduces intraoperative and postoperative nausea and vomiting, compared with placebo, according to a meta-analysis of nine randomized, double-blind trials.
Full browser ?