postoperative ileus


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postoperative ileus

Etymology: L, post + operari, to work; Gk, eilein, to twist
an absence of normal intestinal function caused by a loss of peristaltic muscular action of the intestine after surgery.

postoperative ileus

Ileus resulting from handling the bowel during surgery, anesthesia, electrolyte imbalance, or intraperitoneal infection.
See also: ileus
References in periodicals archive ?
Current perioperative management of radical cystectomy with intestinal urinaiy reconstruction for muscle-invasive bladder cancer and reduction of the incidence of postoperative ileus.
Although it has been previously described in the pediatric population (Table) (4-12), to our knowledge this is the first report of a small bowel intussusception masquerading as a postoperative ileus in an adult.
A review of the Postoperative Ileus products under development by companies and universities/research institutes based on information derived from company and industry-specific sources.
3,7,67,68] The etiology of postoperative ileus is multifactoral, with bowel function relying on a combination of the enteric and central nervous systems, hormonal influences, neurotransmitters and local inflammatory pathways.
The cost of postoperative ileus nationally is estimated to be $750 million to $1 billion a year.
The clinical incidence and effect of postoperative ileus were quantified in a second report at the meeting.
A review of early experience of 300 patients undergoing the robotic procedure showed a low incidence of surgical complications, the most significant being postoperative ileus (1.
For example, half of the 14% of patients who experienced postoperative ileus were readmitted for this problem.
Ulimorelin is Tranzyme's intravenous promotility agent in development for the management of postoperative ileus (POI) in hospital and acute care settings.
These clinical endpoints, time to recovery of upper gastrointestinal function (consumption of solid food) and lower gastrointestinal function (bowel movement), have been accepted by FDA, as approvable endpoints for Adolor Corporation's Entereg(R) (alvimopan) and Progenics Pharmaceuticals' methylnaltrexone for postoperative ileus associated with opioid analgesics.
Thus, by the time curare was introduced into anaesthesia, there was a known antidote, largely used clinically as a parasympathetic stimulant for postoperative ileus and urinary retention, but also available for myasthenia gravis.
Previous research has suggested that sham feeding can enhance bowel function by increasing gastric motility and hormone secretion, and one small Japanese study has linked gum chewing to early recovery from postoperative ileus after laparoscopic colectomy (J.

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