postexposure prophylaxis


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postexposure prophylaxis

A preventive measure taken to protect a person or community from harm after contact with disease-causing chemicals, germs, or physical agents.
See also: prophylaxis

Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP)

Any treatment given after exposure to a disease to try to prevent the disease from occurring. In the case of rabies, PEP involves a series of vaccines given to an individual who has been bitten by an unknown animal or one that is potentially infected with the rabies virus.
References in periodicals archive ?
26) Guidelines for rabies treatment to include both pre- and postexposure prophylaxis are specifically intended for use within the United States.
In addition to the postexposure prophylaxis recommendation for HCP with unprotected exposure to pertussis who are likely to expose high-risk patients, ACIP also advised that other vaccinated HCP should either receive antimicrobial postexposure prophylaxis or be monitored daily for 21 days after pertussis exposure and treated at the onset of signs and symptoms of pertussis.
Use of postexposure prophylaxis against HIV infection following sexual exposure does not lead to increases in high-risk behavior.
Rabies postexposure prophylaxis (treatment) was initiated on the 14 exposed contractors Sunday, 23 Jan.
Ciprofloxacin was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for anthrax postexposure prophylaxis and treatment.
Guidelines for postexposure prophylaxis, the use of antiretrovirals in HIV-infected adults and adolescents, and interventions to reduce perinatal HIV transmission can be found at: www.
Presented here are the Public Health Service recommendations for the use of these antiretroviral agents for postexposure prophylaxis (PEP).
Although rarely reported, documented cases of rabies infections in NHPs and subsequent transmission to humans do occur, warranting the need for rabies postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) after NHP exposure in countries to which rabies is endemic.
We also must appreciate that women who are engaged in a relationship with a known HIV-infected partner, regardless of their age, can prevent acquisition with barrier methods such as condom use or postexposure prophylaxis as delineated by the CDC for serodiscordant couples.
In the meantime, investigation continues into other biomedical prevention strategies, including postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) and, more controversially, preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) (see pp.
A randomized trial of two postexposure prophylaxis regimens to reduce mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission in infants of untreated mothers.
Local protocols should guide decisions about which STI tests to offer a victim of sexual violence and whether to offer postexposure prophylaxis for STIs.