arcuate nucleus(redirected from posterior periventricular nucleus)
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Related to posterior periventricular nucleus: anterior periventricular nucleus
1. Synonym(s): nucleus arcuatus of intermediate hypothalamic area [TA], nucleus periventricularis posterior [TA], posterior periventricular nucleus [TA]Synonym(s): arcuate nucleus of thalamus
2. a cell group in the hypothalamus, located in the lowest part of the infundibulum adjacent to the median eminence. Synonym(s): nucleus arcuatus of medulla oblongata [TA]
3. a variable assembly of small cell groups, probably outlying components of the pontine nuclei, on the anterior and medial aspects of the pyramid in the medulla oblongata.
Synonym(s): nucleus arcuatus [TA]
Any of various specialized groups of nerve cells in the medulla oblongata, thalamus, or hypothalamus of the brain.
A hypothalamic nucleus in the ventral wall of the third ventricle near the pituitary stalk. The arcuate nucleus produces inhibiting and releasing factors (adrenocorticotrophic hormone, beta-lipotrophic hormone, and beta-endorphin) for pituitary hormones.Synonym: infundibular nucleus
See also: nucleus