posterior drawer test

posterior/anterior drawer test

Orthopedics A joint laxity test used to diagnose shoulder instability. See Laxity test, Shoulder instability. Cf Provocative test.

pos·ter·i·or draw·er test

(pos-tēr'ē-ŏr drōr test)
Measurement of integrity of the posterior cruciate ligament at the knee.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The knee joints were still swollen, and the endpoint by manual posterior drawer test was not detected.
The only orthopaedic finding was mild laxity of the posterior drawer test compared to the contralateral limb.
The results of physical examination were as follows: anterior drawer test, valgus stress test at 30 flexion, and McMurray findings were positive; posterior drawer test, varus stress test, external rotation recurvation test, quadriceps active test, posterolateral drawer test, and dial test were negative.
Clinical diagnosis of ACL tear was determined by positive findings on anterior drawer test, Lachmann's test, and pivot shift test and of PCL tear by positive findings on posterior drawer test and posterior sag (Godfrey test).
The valgus and varus stress tests, anterior drawer test, pivot-shift test, and posterior drawer test had negative results, indicating an absence of ligamentous abnormalities.
Rubinstein et al found the posterior drawer test in conjunction with palpating anterior tibial step-off to be 96% accurate, 90% sensitive, and 99% specific, with an inter observer grade agreement of 81% in diagnosing PCL insufficiency.
Similarly, the Gerber & Ganz (1984) posterior drawer test provides an indication of the range of translation available in a position in which posterior translation should be relatively restricted (horizontal flexion and slight medial rotation) (Harryman et al 1990, 1992).
LRs could not be calculated for the posterior drawer test, and only one small study examined the abduction stress test: LR+ = 94 (95% CI, 6-1487) and LR- = 0.
He had a range of motion of 0[degrees] to 120[degrees], a grade 2A Lachman score, grade 3 posterior drawer test, positive dial test, and open 6 mm to 10 mm to varus stress at 30[degrees] of knee flexion consistent with an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) with posterolateral corner (PLC) deficiency.
The posterior drawer test is the most sensitive diagnostic test for PCL injury.
Tests used for cruciate ligament assessment were anterior and posterior Drawer tests, Lachaman's test, Pivot shift test, Recurvatum external rotation tests, Quadriceps active test.
At this point, she had a normal knee exam with no effusion, negative Lachman test, negative anterior and posterior drawer tests, and she was stable to varus and valgus stresses.

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