However, it can be associated with several disorders such as trisomy 18 (Edward's syndrome), (7) Hay-Wells syndrome (a variant of the ectodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-cleft lip palate syndrome), (8) popliteal pterygium
syndrome (characterised by intercrural webbing of the lower limbs), (9) CHANDS (curly hair-ankyloblepharon-nail dysplasia)(10) and cleft lip and palate.
1,2 Although it may present in isolation with cleft palate, alveolar synechiae are usually associated with Van der Woude syndrome, oromandibular limb hypogenesis syndrome,3 microglossia, micrognathia and popliteal pterygium syndrome.
It can be associated with cleft palate or syndromes like Vander de woude, Pierre robin sequence1 and popliteal pterygium syndrome.
Six families with van der Woude and/or popliteal pterygium syndrome: all with a mutation in the IRF6 gene.
Mutations in IRF6 cause Van der Woude and popliteal pterygium syndromes.
Mutations in IRF6 cause Van der Woud syndromes (VWS) and Popliteal pterygium syndrome (PPS) has been reported for human (Lees et al.
Mutations in IRF6 gene are pathogenic for both Van der Woud syndromes (VWS) and Popliteal pterygium syndrome (PPS) (Kondo et al.
Genomic, cDNA and embryonic expression analysis of zebrafish IRF6, the gene mutated in the human oral clefting disorders Van der Woude and popliteal pterygium syndromes.
Popliteal pterygium syndrome: a clinical study of three families and report of linkage to the Van der Woude syndrome locus on 1q32.
The popliteal pterygium
syndrome: report of a new family and review of the literature.
syndrome (PPS) with intra-alveolar syngnathia: A discussion of anesthetic and surgical considerations.