poor


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Related to poor: House poor, Poor in spirit

poor

adjective Referring to a status wherein a person or persons lack enough money to live at a standard of comfort considered normal in a society. In 2009, 14.3% of Americans were poor; by race, 25% of Hispanics and Blacks are poor, 9% of Whites are poor.

leukemia

Hematology An uncommon–incidence, US 3.5/105/yr—malignant clonal expansion of myeloid or lymphoid cells characterized by an ↑ in circulating WBCs; leukemias may be an incidental finding when evaluating an unrelated clinical problem, or when the expansion compromises BM production of one or more cell lines causing anemia, thrombocytopenia, granulocytopenia; leukemias are divided by chronology–acute or chronic, by cell lineage–lymphoid, myeloid/myelocytic, monocytic or megakaryocytic and divided by stage of maturation or cell size Clinical BM infiltration by leukemia, resulting in anemia, thrombocytopenia, granulocytopenia, immune paralysis, ↓ B cells and CD4–helper T cells, ↑ CD8–suppressor T cells, infiltration and leukostasis, cranial nerve palsies, meningitis, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, testicular and cutaneous involvement, metabolic derangements–eg, ↑ Ca2+, K+, LD, ammonia, weight loss, less commonly, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, pallor and arthralgia Diagnosis Hx, physical exam, peripheral smear Management Chemotherapy, RT, BMT. See Accelerated leukemia, Acute leukemia, Acute lymphocytic leukemia, Acute myelocytic leukemia, Acute promyelocytic leukemia, Adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma, Aleukemic leukemia, Biphenotypic leukemia, Central nervous system leukemia, Chemotherapy-induced leukemia, Chronic leukemia, Chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Chronic myelocytic leukemia, Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, Congenital leukemia, Erythroleukemia, FAB classification, Hairy cell leukemia, Hand mirror cell leukemia, Herald state of leukemia, Mast cell leukemia, Megakaryoblastic leukemia, Multilineage leukemia, Plasma cell leukemia, Preleukemia, Prolymphocytic leukemia, Promyelocytic leukemia, Smoldering myeloid leukemia.
Leukemia Acute v. Chronic
Acute leukemia More common in children, 80% are ALL, often before age 10, peak at ages 3–7 in whites, ♂:♀ ratio, 1.3:1 Cell types Early pre-B cell 67%; pre-B cell 18%; B cell 1%; T cell 14%; 50-85% are cALLA positive–common acute lymphocytic leukemia antigen, CD10; 5% have Philadelphia chromosome Clinical ALL is more abrupt than AML, with petechial hemorrhage, bone and abdominal pain, headache and vomiting due to ↑ intracranial pressure, lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, hepatomegaly Lab 70% have low-grade lymphocytosis–< 20 x 109 when diagnosed Evaluation Acute leukemia immunophenotypic profile Specimen EDTA–lavender top tube and sodium heparin–green top tube, peripheral blood smears Method of analysis Flow cytometry, immunofluorecesence Markers measured CD1, -2, -3, -4, -5, -7, -8, -10, -19. -20, -21, -33, -34, -56, megakaryocytic markers, HLA D/DR, kappa, lambda, TdT Management Protocols vary according to standard- or high-risk clinical features, and may include BMT
Chronic leukemia More common in adults/older children, often myelocytic; CML is Philadelphia chromosome positive; may occur < age 5 with myelomonocytosis, anemia, thrombocytopenia, lymphadenopathy; WBC count < 50 x 109, ≠ HbF, ≠ muraminidase; adult CML comprises 20% of all leukemias Clinical Gradual onset of fatigability, anorexia, splenomegaly; lymphadenopathy is uncommon Lab > 25 x 109/L leukemic cells in blood–often an absolute lymphocytosis of > 15 x 1010/L, < 10% blasts in BM, myeloid:erythroid ratio is 10-30:1, 90% of cases have low-to-absent leukocyte alkaline phosphatase and rarely also, ≠ vitamin B12 and B12-binding capacity Evaluation Chronic leukemia immunophenotype profile Specimen EDTA–lavender top tube and sodium heparin–green top tube, peripheral blood smears Method of analysis Flow cytometry, immunofluorescence Markers measured CD3, -5, -19, -20, -21, kappa, lambda Management see Chemotherapy, Induction Prognosis see Remission.
Leukemia–prognostic features
Acute lymphocytic leukemia
Good Age 2-10, CD10 positivity, hyperdiploid karyotype
Poor Age < 2; >10, B-cell phenotype, especially L2 phenotype by FAB classification, presence of chromosome translocations, CNS involvement, mediastinal masses, high initial WBC count
Acute myelocytic leukemia
Good Younger, presence of Auer rods, rapid therapeutic response
Poor Older, prior malignancy or therapy, multiple chromosome defects  
References in periodicals archive ?
After all, a politician who would actively plot against poor people seems much more disreputable than one who merely argues that public aid erodes work incentives.
The provision of housing has been a major focus for Food for the Poor.
The reformers were not "blaming the victims" when they tied poverty to character flaws; they were recognizing that the poor were ignorant of, and could be taught, moral truths that would translate into material gain.
Catholics are hardly the only Christians to place commitment to the poor at the heart of their religious mission.
Unlike the last two eras of concern for poverty - the thirties and the sixties - the middle and upper middle classes don't know poor people.
2004 was a devastating year for many of the residents of the Caribbean, and Food For The Poor was able to respond immediately to the needs created by the hurricane activity.
Rosalind Mitchison's book on the Scottish poor law is the first to cover the period from the first Scottish enactment on the poor laws, to the establishment of a formal system in 1845.
The bishops titled one of the key sections of their document "The Preferential Option for the Poor," and it is that single phrase that has so provoked the larger church's social imagination.
Salaried working poor Canadians earned on average $12 per hour.
It is believed that history would have been even better if somehow the poor countries had been able to control population growth.
Political comic Will Durst actually thinks poor people tip better.
After all, the principle of the poor law was "less eligibility"--the idea that in order to deter pauperism, conditions in the workhouse must be worse than those of the lowest paid laborer.