pooled serum


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Related to pooled serum: serum marker

serum

 [se´rum] (pl. serums, se´ra) (L.)
the clear portion of any animal or plant fluid that remains after the solid elements have been separated out. The term usually refers to blood serum, the clear, straw-colored, liquid portion of the plasma that does not contain fibrinogen or blood cells, and remains fluid after clotting of blood. Blood serum from persons or animals whose bodies have built up antibodies is called antiserum or immune serum. Inoculation with such an antiserum provides temporary, or passive, immunity against the disease, and is used when a person has already been exposed to or has contracted the disease. Diseases in which passive immunization is sometimes used include diphtheria, tetanus, botulism, and gas gangrene.
antilymphocyte serum (ALS) antiserum derived from animals that have been immunized against human lymphocytes, a powerful nonspecific immunosuppressive agent that causes destruction of circulating lymphocytes.
antirabies serum antiserum obtained from the blood serum or plasma of animals immunized with rabies vaccine; used for postexposure prophylaxis against rabies if rabies immune globulin is unavailable.
blood grouping s's preparations containing particular antibodies against red cell antigens, used for blood typing. Those most commonly used are the anti-A and anti-B blood grouping serums used to determine ABO blood types and the anti-Rh blood grouping serums (anti-D, anti-C, anti-E, anti-c, and anti-e) used to determine Rh blood types.
serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) see aspartate transaminase.
serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) see alanine transaminase.
immune serum antiserum.
pooled serum the mixed serum from a number of individuals.
serum sickness a hypersensitivity reaction following the administration of foreign serum or other antigens; it is marked by urticarial rashes, edema, adenitis, joint pains, high fever, and prostration. Reactions to tetanus antitoxin derived from horse serum were especially common but are now rare owing to refinement of the antigenic components.
serum sickness syndrome a serum sickness–like hypersensitivity reaction occurring after the administration of certain drugs. It is marked clinically by low-grade fever, urticaria, facial edema, pain and swelling of the joints, and lymphadenopathy, and occasionally may be associated with neuritis of the brachial plexus, guillain-barré syndrome, periarteritis nodosa, and nephritis.

pooled se·rum

, pooled blood serum
the mixed serum from a number of people.

pooled serum

Serum collected from several donors.
See also: serum

serum

pl. sera, serums [L.] the clear portion of any animal or plant fluid that remains after the solid elements have been separated out. The term usually refers to blood serum, the clear, straw-colored, liquid portion of the plasma that does not contain fibrinogen or blood cells, and remains fluid after clotting of blood.
Blood serum from animals whose bodies have built up antibodies is called antiserum or immune serum. Inoculation with such an antiserum provides temporary, or passive, immunity against the disease.

serum albumin mastitis test
a high concentration of serum albumin in milk indicates the presence of mastitis in the quarter.
antilymphocyte serum
serum breaks
in classical swine fever (hog cholera) vaccination when a serum-simultaneous vaccination program is not effective and it is assumed that the hyperimmune serum was ineffective.
serum clot time
see prothrombin consumption test.
serum enzymes
enzymes of individual tissues are released into the blood when the tissue is damaged or when there is much activity in it. The levels are used as a measure of activity or injury.
serum-fast
resistant to the effects of serum.
serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT)
serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT)
immune serum
serum from an immunized animal, containing specific antibody or antibodies.
serum osmolality
a measure of the number of dissolved particles per unit of water in serum. See also serum osmolality.
pooled serum
the mixed serum from a number of animals.
serum protein
see serum protein.
serum sickness
a group of immediate or antibody-mediated hypersensitivity reactions (also referred to as type III hypersensitivities) that includes Arthus reaction, serum sickness and immune complex diseases. The pathogenesis involves formation of bulky antibody-antigen complexes in the walls of small blood vessels; the complexes fix complement and cause necrosis and thrombus formation. There is infiltration of polymorphonuclear cells from which lysosomal enzymes are released.
serum-simultaneous immunization
an outdated method of vaccination, most popular at one time in the vaccination of pigs against classical swine fever (hog cholera). Live virus and antiserum to the virus were injected into the patient simultaneously; breakdowns in the system were frequent, leading to severe outbreaks of the target disease.
serum thymic factor
a humoral factor enhancing T lymphocyte responsiveness.
References in periodicals archive ?
A) 2D gel electrophoresis using MC(-) lysate (left) followed by specific IgE immunoblot (right) using pooled serum from SPT-positive patients demonstrates five immunoreactive spots.
Perfluorochemicals in pooled serum samples from the United States residents in 2001 and 2002.
Table 2 summarizes the results of the imprecision analysis using 2 female and 2 male pooled serum control materials.
6 ppt) were similar to the median (45 ppt) previously reported in pooled serum samples from children < 13 years of age from zone R (Needham et al.
Our examination of miRNA concentrations in pooled serum samples from 86 nonmetastatic patients, 55 metastatic patients, and 40 healthy individuals by Solexa sequencing showed that miRNAs were the major components of small RNAs in serum (see Table 2 in the online Data Supplement).
The pooled serum from colorectal tumor patients was spiked with the reporter peptide, and after 1 h incubation and subsequent affinity chromatography enrichment with Ni-chelate before MALDI-TOF MS a peak with m/z 1349.
A stripped serum blank and a pooled serum control that had undergone immunocapture followed by trypsin digestion were also injected into the column, and the effect of matrix suppression on the response for the continuously infused 1-13 PTH was monitored (14).
For MAb testing, pooled serum (39 patients with severe HF) or pooled plasma (10 HF patients) was used as a source of endogenous antigens.
30 in the reaction mixture containing 50 [micro]L of pooled serum, 20 [micro]L of acceptor solution, 25 mmol/L MES (pH 6.
Content of thiol/containing amino acids and peptides [(mean (SD) of triplicates] in albumin and globulin fractions of pooled serum with a total protein concentration of 73 g/L and albumin concentration of 49.
2% for clinical samples (a pooled serum obtained from 10 patients without obvious biochemical abnormality) and a commercially available control serum, respectively.