polyvalent pneumococcal vaccine


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polyvalent pneumococcal vaccine

A vaccine against S pneumoniae with antigens against 23 of the most common pneumococcal serotype Indications Populations at risk for pneumococcal infections–eg, elderly, Pts with lung, cardiac, renal disorders, immunocompromised Pts

polyvalent pneumococcal vaccine

A vaccine that contains 23 of the known 83 pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides, and induces immunity against Streptococcus pneumoniae, a gram-positive bacterium that causes ear, sinus, lung, blood, and meningeal infections. This vaccine is used to prevent pneumococcal disease in persons with sickle cell diseases; alcoholism; asplenia; chronic heart, lung, liver, or kidney disease; diabetes mellitus; and immunological illnesses; and in people over the age of 65.

Patient care

The value of vaccination is continually rising, as S. pneumoniae becomes more and more resistant to antibiotics. The vaccine should not be coadministered in the same syringe as other vaccines. Common adverse reactions include pain at the site of injection and sometimes a low-grade fever.

See also: vaccine