polypeptide chain


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Related to polypeptide chain: protein

polypeptide chain

a sequence of AMINO ACIDS joined together by PEPTIDE BONDS, forming a PROTEIN, the sequence being determined by the order of bases along the POLYNUCLEOTIDE CHAINS of DNA, in the form of a GENETIC CODE. See PROTEIN SYNTHESIS for details.
References in periodicals archive ?
These triplets, also called codons, specify the amino acid to be added at the corresponding position along a growing polypeptide chain.
The bond energies vary due to the strain placed on [PHI] and [PSI] angles of the amino acids in polypeptide chains and the strain of intramolecular hydrogen bond locations when overlapping occurs.
A disulfide bridge is a covalent bond between the sulfur atoms of two cysteine residues from different parts of the polypeptide chain.
The final coordinates of the structure th at was solved by molecular replacement are composed of three complete polypeptide chains of 127 amino acid residues.
Simulation of the polypeptide chain folding process using fuzzy oil drop model
As each charged tRNA is brought aboard its amino acid is attached by a peptide bond to the growing polypeptide chain.
This process of bringing in corresponding amino acids builds the growing polypeptide chain.
The nucleic acid sequence in each rgdp encodes a polypeptide chain which is a component part of the sbp member displayed at the surface of that rgdp.
The students took on character roles of DNA and RNA while acting out complementary base pairing, splicing of introns and joining of exons, matching of mRNA codons to the corresponding amino acids, and assembly of amino acids on a growing polypeptide chain.
Mainly, fragment ions result from cleavages between the amino acid residues in the polypeptide chain.
The residues are distant from each other in the amino acid sequence, but because of the folding of the polypeptide chain, they are adjacent on the antibody's surface.
SCAs combine the antigen binding regions of antibodies on a single polypeptide chain.