polyneuropathy


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polyneuropathy

 [pol″e-noo͡-rop´ah-the]
a disease involving several nerves.
amyloid polyneuropathy polyneuropathy caused by amyloidosis; symptoms may include dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system, carpal tunnel syndrome, and sensory disturbances in the extremities.
familial amyloid polyneuropathy autosomal dominant amyloid polyneuropathy occurring in hereditary amyloidosis; subtypes include Finnish type, Indiana type, Iowa type, and Portuguese type. The Finnish and Indiana types are slowly progressive, whereas in the Portuguese and Iowa types death may occur within 7 to 10 years.
erythredema polyneuropathy acrodynia.

pol·y·neu·rop·a·thy

(pol'ē-nū-rop'ă-thē),
1. A disease process involving a number of peripheral nerves (literal sense).
2. A nontraumatic generalized disorder of peripheral nerves, affecting the distal fibers most severely, with proximal shading (for example, the feet are affected sooner or more severely than the hands), and typically symmetrically; most often affects motor and sensory fibers almost equally, but can involve either one, either solely or very disproportionately; classified as axon degenerating (axonal), or demyelinating; many causes, particularly metabolic and toxic; familial or sporadic. Synonym(s): polyneuritis
[poly- + G. neuron, nerve, + pathos, disease]

polyneuropathy

/poly·neu·rop·a·thy/ (-ndbobr-rop´ah-the) neuropathy of several peripheral nerves simultaneously.
amyloid polyneuropathy  polyneuropathy associated with amyloidosis, of either the primary or the familial type; symptoms may include dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system, carpal tunnel syndrome, and sensory disturbances in the limbs.
erythredema polyneuropathy  acrodynia.
familial amyloid polyneuropathy  autosomal dominant amyloid polyneuropathy, associated with familial amyloidosis and most commonly involving a mutant form of the protein transthyretin.; it may be subclassified on the basis of affected kinships or on the basis of symptoms and the biochemical composition of the affected fibrils.

polyneuropathy

(pŏl′ē-no͝o-rŏp′ə-thē)
n.
Neuropathy involving several peripheral nerves.

polyneuropathy

[-noo͡rop′əthē]
Etymology: Gk, polys, many, neuron, nerve, pathos, disease
a condition in which many peripheral nerves are afflicted with a disorder.

polyneuropathy

Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy, critical illness polyneuropathy, familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy, multiple neuropathy, peripheral neuropathy, polyneuritis, sensorimotor polyneuropathy Neurology The simultaneous inflammation of the motor and/or sensory components of 2 or more peripheral nerves. See Mononeuropathy.

pol·y·neu·rop·a·thy

(pol'ē-nūr-op'ă-thē)
1. A disease process involving a number of peripheral nerves (literal sense).
2. A nontraumatic generalized disorder of peripheral nerves, affecting the distal fibers most severely, with proximal shading (e.g., the feet are affected sooner or more severely than the hands), and typically symmetrically; most often affects motor and sensory fibers almost equally, but can involve either one solely or very disproportionately; classified as axon degenerating (axonal) or demyelinating; many causes, particularly metabolic and toxic; familial or sporadic in nature.
Synonym(s): polyneuritis.
3. Synonym(s): acrodynia (2) . Synonym(s): multiple neuritis.
[poly- + G. neuron, nerve, + pathos, disease]

polyneuropathy

generalized autonomic, sensory and motor neuropathy; characteristic of late-stage diabetes mellitus

pol·y·neu·rop·a·thy

(pol'ē-nūr-op'ă-thē)
1. Disease process involving several peripheral nerves (literal sense).
2. Nontraumatic generalized disorder of peripheral nerves, affecting distal fibers most severely, with proximal shading.
[poly- + G. neuron, nerve, + pathos, disease]

polyneuropathy

a disease involving several nerves. See also neuropathy.

acute idiopathic polyneuropathy
see idiopathic polyradiculoneuritis.
distal polyneuropathy of Birman cats
a noninflammatory, diffuse loss of myelinated fibers in the distal portions of the central and peripheral nervous systems, resulting in progressive hindlimb ataxia and hypermetria in young Birman kittens. Believed to be inherited as an autosomal recessive trait.
familial polyneuropathy
see Boxer progressive axonopathy, hereditary neuronal abiotrophy of Swedish Lapland dogs, giant axonal neuropathy.
hypoglycemic polyneuropathy
associated with hyperinsulinism of β-cell insulinomas; there is generalized muscle weakness, paraparesis and tetraparesis.
hypothyroid polyneuropathy
a progressive lower motor neuron disease associated with hypothyroidism.
idiopathic polyneuropathy
see idiopathic polyradiculoneuritis.
immune-mediated polyneuropathy
may occur in association with systemic lupus erythematosus in dogs.
References in periodicals archive ?
We include this caveat in our electrodiagnostic testing reports of patients who have symptoms suggestive of pure small fiber polyneuropathy.
Brown WF, Feasby TE: Sensory evoked potentials in Guillain-Barre polyneuropathy.
She underwent plasma exchange daily for five sessions to treat the anti-MDA5 Ab-mediated demyelinating polyneuropathy.
Even though valid reasons for previous attacks of abdominal pain were reported, the absence of skin lesions or any features in her family history meant that acute motor polyneuropathy was likely the cause of admission to hospital.
Zinc toxicity: Denture adhesives, bone marrow failure and polyneuropathy.
Prevalence of Polyneuropathy in Pre-Diabetes and Diabetes Is Associated With Abdominal Obesity and Macroangiopathy The MONICA/KORA Augsburg Surveys S2 and S3.
14 patients had predominantly sensory neuropathy and 4 individuals had both sensory and motor polyneuropathy.
Earlier studies with a rat model of diabetic polyneuropathy, showed a reduction in intraepidermal nerve fiber density in skin biopsies, as well as a decrease in the loss of intraepidermal innervation upon therapeutic interventions (Bianchi et al.
The report provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape of Familial Amyloid Polyneuropathy (Transthyretin Amyloidosis, Corino de Andrade's Disease)
Four patients were diagnosed with polyneuropathy according to clinical and electrophysiological findings, three of whom had polyneuropathy caused by immunosuppressive drugs (cyclosporine, two patients; tacrolimus, one patient) and one had polyneuropathy caused by amyloidosis.