polyneuropathy


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Related to polyneuropathy: Alcoholic polyneuropathy, diabetic polyneuropathy

polyneuropathy

 [pol″e-noo͡-rop´ah-the]
a disease involving several nerves.
amyloid polyneuropathy polyneuropathy caused by amyloidosis; symptoms may include dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system, carpal tunnel syndrome, and sensory disturbances in the extremities.
familial amyloid polyneuropathy autosomal dominant amyloid polyneuropathy occurring in hereditary amyloidosis; subtypes include Finnish type, Indiana type, Iowa type, and Portuguese type. The Finnish and Indiana types are slowly progressive, whereas in the Portuguese and Iowa types death may occur within 7 to 10 years.
erythredema polyneuropathy acrodynia.

pol·y·neu·rop·a·thy

(pol'ē-nū-rop'ă-thē),
1. A disease process involving a number of peripheral nerves (literal sense).
2. A nontraumatic generalized disorder of peripheral nerves, affecting the distal fibers most severely, with proximal shading (for example, the feet are affected sooner or more severely than the hands), and typically symmetrically; most often affects motor and sensory fibers almost equally, but can involve either one, either solely or very disproportionately; classified as axon degenerating (axonal), or demyelinating; many causes, particularly metabolic and toxic; familial or sporadic. Synonym(s): polyneuritis
[poly- + G. neuron, nerve, + pathos, disease]

polyneuropathy

/poly·neu·rop·a·thy/ (-ndbobr-rop´ah-the) neuropathy of several peripheral nerves simultaneously.
amyloid polyneuropathy  polyneuropathy associated with amyloidosis, of either the primary or the familial type; symptoms may include dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system, carpal tunnel syndrome, and sensory disturbances in the limbs.
erythredema polyneuropathy  acrodynia.
familial amyloid polyneuropathy  autosomal dominant amyloid polyneuropathy, associated with familial amyloidosis and most commonly involving a mutant form of the protein transthyretin.; it may be subclassified on the basis of affected kinships or on the basis of symptoms and the biochemical composition of the affected fibrils.

polyneuropathy

(pŏl′ē-no͝o-rŏp′ə-thē)
n.
Neuropathy involving several peripheral nerves.

polyneuropathy

[-noo͡rop′əthē]
Etymology: Gk, polys, many, neuron, nerve, pathos, disease
a condition in which many peripheral nerves are afflicted with a disorder.

polyneuropathy

Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy, critical illness polyneuropathy, familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy, multiple neuropathy, peripheral neuropathy, polyneuritis, sensorimotor polyneuropathy Neurology The simultaneous inflammation of the motor and/or sensory components of 2 or more peripheral nerves. See Mononeuropathy.

pol·y·neu·rop·a·thy

(pol'ē-nūr-op'ă-thē)
1. A disease process involving a number of peripheral nerves (literal sense).
2. A nontraumatic generalized disorder of peripheral nerves, affecting the distal fibers most severely, with proximal shading (e.g., the feet are affected sooner or more severely than the hands), and typically symmetrically; most often affects motor and sensory fibers almost equally, but can involve either one solely or very disproportionately; classified as axon degenerating (axonal) or demyelinating; many causes, particularly metabolic and toxic; familial or sporadic in nature.
Synonym(s): polyneuritis.
3. Synonym(s): acrodynia (2) . Synonym(s): multiple neuritis.
[poly- + G. neuron, nerve, + pathos, disease]

polyneuropathy

generalized autonomic, sensory and motor neuropathy; characteristic of late-stage diabetes mellitus

pol·y·neu·rop·a·thy

(pol'ē-nūr-op'ă-thē)
1. Disease process involving several peripheral nerves (literal sense).
2. Nontraumatic generalized disorder of peripheral nerves, affecting distal fibers most severely, with proximal shading.
[poly- + G. neuron, nerve, + pathos, disease]

polyneuropathy

a disease involving several nerves. See also neuropathy.

acute idiopathic polyneuropathy
see idiopathic polyradiculoneuritis.
distal polyneuropathy of Birman cats
a noninflammatory, diffuse loss of myelinated fibers in the distal portions of the central and peripheral nervous systems, resulting in progressive hindlimb ataxia and hypermetria in young Birman kittens. Believed to be inherited as an autosomal recessive trait.
familial polyneuropathy
see Boxer progressive axonopathy, hereditary neuronal abiotrophy of Swedish Lapland dogs, giant axonal neuropathy.
hypoglycemic polyneuropathy
associated with hyperinsulinism of β-cell insulinomas; there is generalized muscle weakness, paraparesis and tetraparesis.
hypothyroid polyneuropathy
a progressive lower motor neuron disease associated with hypothyroidism.
idiopathic polyneuropathy
see idiopathic polyradiculoneuritis.
immune-mediated polyneuropathy
may occur in association with systemic lupus erythematosus in dogs.
References in periodicals archive ?
HIV-associated distal sensory polyneuropathy (also called predominantly sensory neuropathy, or distal symmetrical peripheral neuropathy) is the most common neurological problem in AIDS, with variable incidences in different reports ranging from 19% to 66% (6, 7).
coexistence with hereditary sensorimotor demyelinating polyneuropathy.
3,6) Deficiency of vitamin B12, diabetes mellitus type I and type II, colchicine, and alcohol use may cause sensorimotor polyneuropathy in distal extremities.
The cases reported represent a convenience sample of cases suggestive of diphtheritic polyneuropathy during 2002-2008 in which Guillain-Barre syndrome or poliomyelitis was first suspected.
Exact cause of polyneuropathy is not known but has been attributed to immune mediated capillary damage, toxic oxygen radicals, tumor necrosis factor, parasitic emboli obstructing the vasa nervorum, neurotoxin release, nutritional and metabolic disturbances (2).
The patient was referred to the department of physical medicine and rehabilitation and hospitalized for the treatment of nutritional polyneuropathy and paraparesis.
Differential diagnosis may include polyneuropathy associated with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), polyneuropathy-organomegaly-endocrinopathy M protein and skin changes (POEMS), and CharcotMarie-Tooth disease (CMT).
Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy and a unilateral Babinski/plantar reflex.
They have found a process by which proteins with a tendency to cause conformational diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy, familial amyloidotic cardiomyopathy, etc.
The long-term impact of liver transplantation on kidney function in familiar amyloidotic polyneuropathy patients.
of California Los Angeles) and coauthors closely analyze neurological disorders related to primary HIV-1 pathogenesis, such as neural cognitive disorders, stroke, myelopathy, myopathy, meningitis, autonomic neuropathies, distal sensory polyneuropathy, mitochondrial dysfunction, lactic acidosis, neurological outcomes of clinical events and surrogate markers, and the efficacy of certain vaccines.