When British colonists arrived on South African soil in the nineteenth century, they round a polygynous
marriage system that was foreign to them.
This finding seems to be consistent with the view that "African society recognizes as a distinct phenomena,(sic) longer term girlfriends, mistresses [and] outside wives, who partly serve in urban areas as alternatives to polygynous
married wives" (Caldwell et al, 1989, p189; Odebiyi and Vivekananda, 1991).
Three common intangible components of a dowry (bride wealth), which are particular to the women's issues being discussed here, are that she be permitted to fulfill her educational goals, not to participate in a polygynous
marriage, and to request a divorce.
pdf>; Marla Peters, Pearls Before Swine: Secrecy in a Mormon Polygynous
The marked sexual dimorphism of australopithecines argues for a very different social organization than that of modern humans, possibly a polygynous
one similar to that of modern gorilla troop organization.
Morphological caste differences in the Neotropical swarm-founding and polygynous
Polistinae wasp, Polybia scutellaris.
species, variation in fitness of daughters is less variable than that of sons: most females will reproduce as they do not compete for access to mates as do males (Clutton-Brock et al.
Further, moose (Alces alces) have a polygynous
mating system (Andersen and Saether 1996) and their reproductive success often depends on large body size (Weckerly 1998).
clarus, the advantage of male choice for large females would appear to be twofold: (1) female size and number of progeny are positively correlated, and (2) larger females mature before smaller females creating opportunities for polygynous
mating (Hoefler 2007).
Able to resist becoming one of multiple partners in a polygynous
marriage, Aissatou, unlike Rama, divorces her husband, moves into her own home, and finds work in a Senegalese embassy in America.
This personality has been reared in a culture of "familism" where the family is considered extended, patriarchal, patrilineal, patrilocal, endogamous, and occasionally polygynous
Therefore, the framework also requires that polygynous