poliovirus

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poliovirus

 [po´le-o-vi″rus]
a species of enterovirus that is the etiologic agent of poliomyelitis. It is separable into three serotypes, designated types 1, 2, and 3, with type 1 being responsible for about 85 per cent of all cases of paralytic poliomyelitis and for most epidemics.

po·li·o·vi·rus

(pō'lē-ō-vī'rŭs),
An enterovirus in the family Picornaviridae. There are three distinct serotypes, with Type 1 responsible for 85% of the cases of paralytic polio and most epidemics.

poliovirus

/po·lio·vi·rus/ (pōl´-e-o-vi″rus) the causative agent of poliomyelitis, separable, on the basis of specificity of neutralizing antibody, into three serotypes designated types 1, 2, and 3.po´lioviral

poliovirus

(pō′lē-ō-vī′rəs)
n. pl. poliovi·ruses
An enterovirus, separable into three serotypes, that is the causative agent of poliomyelitis.

poliovirus

[-vī′rəs]
Etymology: Gk, polios + L, virus, poison
a member of the family Picornaviridae and the causative organism of poliomyelitis. This very small ribonucleic acid virus has three serologically distinct types. Infection or immunization with one type does not protect against the others. Also called poliomyelitis virus.

po·li·o·vi·rus

(pō'lē-ō-vī'rŭs)
An enterovirus in the family Picornaviridae. There are three distinct serotypes, with Type 1 responsible for 85% of the cases of paralytic polio and most epidemics.

poliovirus

the human poliomyelitis virus capable of infecting nonhuman primates. Causes paralysis due to encephalomyelitis in which motor neurons are selectively destroyed.
References in periodicals archive ?
Comparative study of five methods for intratypic differentiation of polioviruses.
Many higher-income countries eliminated wild polioviruses before the GPEI began.
Vaccinederived polioviruses and the endgame strategy for global polio eradication.
InnoCentive is proud to be a part of this Challenge and its solutions, which hold the promise of helping to eradicate polioviruses from the globe forever," said Dwayne Spradlin, CEO of InnoCentive.
Immunisation against polioviruses in developing countries.
Her research interests include disease epidemiology, clinical research, and polioviruses.
When sewage from the area in which the patient and positive contacts lived was sampled on February 8, 2006, no polioviruses were detected; however, an echovirus 30 was detected.
WPV type 1 (WPV1) was isolated in 30 cases (27%), vaccine polioviruses in 15 cases (5 type 1, 5 type 2, and 6 type 3) (13%), and nonpolio enteroviruses in 18 cases (16%).
Persistence of vaccine--derived polioviruses among immunodeficient persons with vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis.
Analysis of this fragment of the enteroviral genome has permitted the study of important pathogenic structures, such as part of the antigenic sites described for polioviruses (13), CBV, and swine vesicular disease virus (SVDV) (14,15), and part of the canyon structure, related to viral attachment, which has been described in several HEVs and rhinoviruses (16).
Specificity of the RT-N-PCR assay was confirmed by detection of amplification products of RNA extracted from cell culture fluids infected with polioviruses sabin 1-3, cox-sackievirus A9 and A16, and the most common epidemic types of echoviruses (echovirus 4,6,9,11,30), as well as by the absence of amplified cDNA with RNA extracted from herpesvirus family-infected and noninfected monkey kidney cells (Vero).