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Related to pokeweed: Phytolacca americana, Poke salad


n Latin name:
Phytolacca americana; parts used: fruit, leaves, stems, roots; uses: laxative, emetic, rheumatism, pruritus, upper respiratory ailments, antifungal, antiviral, antitumor; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children, ulcers (stomach and duodenal), possible toxicity; known to cause respiratory depression, coma, and death. Also called
cancer jalap, cancer root, changras, coakum, crowberry, garget, pigeonberry, pocon, pokeberry, poke salad, redink plant, redwood, scoke, txiu kub nyug, or
Virginia poke.



pokeweed mitogen (PWM)
see pokeweed mitogen.
References in periodicals archive ?
8) TABLE 3 Results of Mitogen Stimulation Studies Counts Per Minute Mitogen Patient Control Phytohemagglutinin 11,232 9,867 Pokeweed 7,327 3,528 Concanavalin A 12,712 4,660
Lymphocytes are isolated from peripheral blood and cultured in vitro in the presence of either pokeweed mitogen (activates all T cells), concanavalin A (Con A) (activates cytotoxic/suppressor T cells) or phytohemagglutinin (PHA) (activates T and B cells).
Pokeweed antiviral protein (PAP), a 29-k Da plant-derived protein isolated from Phytolacca americana, is a broad-spectrum antiviral agent.
In a study to be published in the April issue of the journal Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, Parker Hughes Scientists report that PAP (recombinant pokeweed anti-viral proteins) show potent activity against HIV, including HIV strains resistant to major anti-HIV drugs.
Mitogens used in this study include phytohemaglutinin (PHA), concanavalin A (CON-A), and pokeweed mitogen (PWM).
Pokeweed plants are the size of small trees, with purple
American pokeweed (Phytolacca americana), Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia), and common winterberry (llex verticillata) are present in isolated patches in the understory and canopy openings.
In turn, ARUP's multiplex panel for the measurement of mononuclear cell cytokine responses to mitogens (phytohemagglutinin, concanavalin A, and pokeweed mitogen) and specific antigens (tetanus and candida) simultaneously detects the TH1-type cytokines referred to as interferon gamma, IL2, and IL12, as well as the TH2-type cytokines referred to as IL4, 6, and 10.
Pokeweed berries are dark and shiny, and the flowers of blue vervain climb to the top of their spikes.
Pokeweed (Phytolacca americana), a tall herbaceous plant, grows in scattered clumps in clearings and in the understory, and poison ivy and Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) are found among the taller shrubs.
The drug, which contains a potent antiviral protein from the pokeweed plant, works like a magic bullet delivering the plant-derived inhibitor selectively to AIDS infected cells.
Some elms and black walnuts are yellowing as pokeweed flowers turn to berries.