pneumococcal meningitis


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pneumococcal meningitis

Etymology: Gk, pneumon, lung, kokkos, berry, meninx, membrane, itis, inflammation
meningitis caused by pneumococcal infection. See also Streptococcus pneumoniae.

pneumococcal meningitis

Neurology Meningitis caused by S pneumoniae, the most common meningitis pathogen in adults, and 2nd most common in children > age 6, which typically has an abrupt onset Risk factors Recurrent meningitis, meningitis with CSF leak, type 2 DM, head trauma, alcohol use, recent RTI, infective endocarditis, or recent ear infection. See Meningitis.

pneumococcal meningitis

Meningitis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae, a disease predominantly found in adults. In the U.S., about 20% of affected patients die. Because of the worldwide emergence of streptococcal resistance to penicillins, chloramphenicol, and cephalosporins, vancomycin, rifampin, and other antibacterial agents are used to treat this infection. Intravenous steroids (such as dexamethasone) given at the beginning of therapy decrease the risk of death and disability caused by this infection.
See also: meningitis
References in periodicals archive ?
Pneumococcal meningitis can lead to death or severe brain damage.
Beneficial effects of dexamethasone in children with pneumococcal meningitis.
Denise Vaughan, chief executive of the Meningitis Research Foundation, said: "We are delighted to see a pneumococcal meningitis vaccine in the childhood immunisation schedule.
MY WIFE and I were glad to see Wales on Sunday on February 4 draw attention to pneumococcal meningitis, a serious form of the virus but one that often goes unnoticed next to its more well-known neighbour, meningococcal meningitis.
Around 60 children a year die from pneumococcal meningitis and hundreds end up seriously ill in hospital.
Despite falling ill with pneumonia, septicaemia and pneumococcal meningitis, the plucky tot has made a remarkable recovery and is nowon his way to taking his first steps.
In 1 patient with bacteremic pneumococcal meningitis, only the CSF isolate was tested for meropenem susceptibility.
There are 3,000 cases of pneumococcal meningitis and 50,000 cases of bacteremia in the U.
For example, symptoms of pneumococcal pneumonia can include fever, shaking chills, cough and shortness of breath, while symptoms of pneumococcal meningitis can include fever, headache and neck stiffness.
He just had what seemed like a cold and a pain in his hip joint; pneumococcal meningitis was the last thing you would think of.
But the inquest heard Thomas had pneumococcal meningitis, a form of the brain virus which does not cause a rash.

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