pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis


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pneumatosis

 [noo″mah-to´sis]
air or gas in an abnormal location in the body.
pneumatosis cystoi´des intestina´lis a condition characterized by the presence of thin-walled, gas-containing cysts in the wall of the intestines. Called also intestinal emphysema.

pneu·ma·to·sis cys·toi·des in·tes·ti·na·lis

a condition of unknown cause characterized by the occurrence of gas cysts in the intestinal mucous membrane; may produce intestinal obstruction.

pneu·ma·to·sis cys·toi·des in·tes·ti·na·lis

(nū'mă-tō'sis sis-toyd'ēz in-tes-ti-nā'lis)
A condition of unknown cause characterized by the occurrence of gas cysts in the intestinal mucous membrane; may produce intestinal obstruction.
Synonym(s): intestinal emphysema.

pneumatosis

air or gas in an abnormal location in the body.

pneumatosis coli
gas or air dissecting the tissues in the wall of the large intestine.
pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis
a condition characterized by the presence of thin-walled, gas-containing cysts in the wall of the intestines in humans, a condition similar to intestinal emphysema in pigs.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis could be primary in 15% of cases without obvious cause or secondary to other pathology in 85% of cases like mesenteric vascular disease, necrotising enterocolitis, inflammatory bowel disease and connective tissue disorder as scleroderma.
Imaging studies which are useful in diagnosing pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis are plain abdominal x-rays, opaque enema, computerised tomography, ultrasonography, MRI and colonoscopy.
12,13] For secondary pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis with or without complication, surgery is indicated.
Our case demonstrates that pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis may often mimic sinister pathologies in terms of its presentation and clinical history.
Clinical Data of the 13 Cases of Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis Case Age, y/Sex Region of Bowel Involved 1 (a) 47/M Right colon/resection 2 62/M Ascending colon/resection 3 37/F Ascending colon/resection 4 64/F Right colon/resection 5 54/M Right colon/resection 6 50/M Right colon/resection 7 64/F Ascending colon/resection 8 57/F Small bowel/resection 9 41/M Cecum/biopsy 10 80/M Small bowel/resection 11 71/M Sigmoid/biopsy 12 70/M Transverse colon/biopsy 13 18/F Right colon/resection Case Clinical Information 1 (a) Sepsis, autoimmune disease?
Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis associated with pyloric stenosis and tuberculous enteritis (a case report and review of the literature).
Postoperatively, a search for cause of pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis was initiated.
CASE DISCUSSION: Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis is rare radiological sign characterized by multiple, multilocular, cystic or linear, thin walled collections of gas in wall of gastrointestinal tract.
The pathogenesis of pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis is unclear, though various theories have attempted to explain exact origin.
CONCLUSION: Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis is a rare disease, mostly asymptomatic and suspicion is based on imaging and clinical finding.
Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis associated with massive free air mimicking perforated diffuse peritonitis.
Gastrointestinal sarcoidosis associated with pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis.