pleuroperitoneal shunt


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.

pleuroperitoneal shunt

a surgically implanted catheter for transport of fluid from a pleural space into the peritoneal cavity, where it is absorbed; used mainly for treatment of malignant pleural effusions.

pleur·o·per·i·to·ne·al shunt

(plūr'ō-per'i-tō-nē'ăl shŭnt)
A surgically implanted catheter for transport of fluid from a pleural space into the peritoneal cavity, where it is absorbed; used mainly for treatment of malignant pleural effusions.

pleuroperitoneal shunt

A conduit connecting the pleural space and the peritoneum, used to drain recurring pleural effusions, such as those that accumulate in patients with certain cancers in the chest. Synonym: Denver shunt
See also: shunt

shunt

1. to turn to one side; to divert; to bypass.
2. a passage or anastomosis between two natural channels, especially between blood vessels. Such structures may be formed physiologically (e.g. to bypass a thrombosis), or they may be structural anomalies.
3. a surgical anastomosis.

arteriovenous (A-V) shunt
a U-shaped or straight tube inserted between an artery and a vein (usually between the radial artery and cephalic vein), bypassing the capillary network; commonly done to allow repeated access to the arterial system for the purpose of hemodialysis.
cardiovascular shunt
an abnormality of the blood flow between the sides of the heart or between the systemic and pulmonary circulation; see left-to-right shunt (below) and right-to-left shunt (below).
left-to-right shunt
diversion of blood from the left side of the heart to the right side, or from the systemic to the pulmonary circulation through an anomalous opening such as a septal defect or patent ductus arteriosus.
LeVeen shunt
a device whose purpose is to remove excess ascitic fluid from the peritoneal cavity and return it to the venous system. Called also peritoneal-venous shunt.
peritoneal-venous shunt
see LeVeen shunt (above).
pleuroperitoneal shunt
a catheter placed to transfer pleural fluid into the peritoneal cavity; requires manual pumping.
portacaval shunt, postcaval shunt
see portacaval shunt.
reversed shunt
right-to-left shunt.
right-to-left shunt
diversion of blood from the right side of the heart to the left side or from the pulmonary to the systemic circulation through an anomalous opening such as septal defect or patent ductus arteriosus.
ventriculovenous shunt
a surgical procedure used in the treatment of hydrocephalus.