pleuritis


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pleuritis

 [ploo͡-ri´tis]
pleurisy.
lupus pleuritis pleurisy, pleural effusion, and fever in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.
rheumatoid pleuritis pleurisy, pleural effusion, and often empyema in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
tuberculous pleuritis pleurisy with pleural effusion and tubercles on the pleura in patients with primary tuberculosis.
uremic pleuritis pleurisy, usually of the fibrinous type, with pleural effusion in patients with uremia, often accompanying uremic pericarditis.

pleur·i·sy

(plūr'i-sē),
Inflammation of the pleura.
Synonym(s): pleuritis
[L. pleurisis, fr. G. pleuritis]

pleuritis

/pleu·ri·tis/ (pldbobr-ri´tis) pleurisy.pleurit´ic

pleuritis

See pleurisy.

pleuritis

Pleural inflammation.
 
Aetiology
Respiratory tract infections, TB, rheumatoid disease, lung neoplasms.
 
Clinical findings
Chest wall pain at the site of inflammation, which increases with breathing, coughing and chest movement; the pleural surfaces, roughened by inflammation, rub together with each breath, causing a rough grating sound (“friction rub”) heard with a stethoscope; fluid accumulation separates parietal and visceral pleurae, decreased chest pain; large effusions compromise respiration and may cause coughing, shortness of breath, tachypnoea, cyanosis, rib retraction.

pleuritis

Pleurisy Pulmonary medicine Pleural inflammation Etiology RTIs, TB, rheumatoid disease, lung neoplasms Clinical Pain over the chest wall at the site of inflammation, which ↑ with breathing, coughing, chest movement; the pleural surfaces, roughened by inflammation, rub together with each breath, causing a rough grating sound–“friction rub”–heard with a stethoscope; fluid accumulation separates parietal and visceral pleurae, ↓ chest pain; large effusions compromise respiration and may cause coughing, SOB, tachypnea, cyanosis, retractions. See Tuberculous pleuritis.

pleur·i·sy

(plūr'i-sē)
Inflammation of the pleura.
Synonym(s): pleuritis.
[L. pleurisis, fr. G. pleuritis]

Pleuritis

Inflammation of the pleura, the membrane surrounding the lungs.

pleuritis (pl·rīˑ·tis),

n condition characterized by inflammation of the membrane that surrounds the lungs. Also called
pleuritic chest pain. See also pleurisy.

pleuritis, pleurisy

inflammation of the pleura; it may be caused by infection, injury or tumor. It may be a complication of lung diseases, particularly of pneumonia or lung abscess. Typical signs of acute pleurisy include painful respiratory movements causing grunting and rapid shallow breathing. Chronic pleurisy includes empyema with collapse of lung and dyspnea with toxemia, or interference with respiratory movements by adhesions.
Enlarge picture
Fibrinous pleuritis in a horse at necropsy. By permission from Knottenbelt DC, Pascoe RR, Diseases and Disorders of the Horse, Saunders, 2003

bile pleuritis
see bile pleuritis.
constrictive pleuritis
adhesions between the parietal and visceral pleura restrict movement of the lungs and the chest wall.
dry pleuritis
inflammation of the pleura without effusion. Painful, the cause of dry cough, shallow, rapid respiration and sounds of friction rubbing. Can be a stage in the development or healing of serous or purulent pleuritis.
restrictive pleuritis
development of fibrous tissue on pleura may restrict expansion of lungs.
References in periodicals archive ?
Diagnostic value of pleural fluid adenosine deaminase in tuberculous pleuritis with reference to HIV coinfection and a Bayesian analysis.
tuberculosis pleuritis and it was ruled out if all three were negative.
A comparison study of IFN-y, ADA and CA 125 as the diagnostic parameters in tuberculous pleuritis.
For example, a typical viral prodrome (low-grade fever, sore throat, upper respiratory symptoms) might indicate a viral pleuritis.
El dolor retroesternal guarda caracteristicas similares al producido por una pleuritis o incluso un sindrome isquemico cardiaco, por lo general suele irradiarse hacia el borde del trapecio, y variar en intensidad segun la posicion que adopte el paciente.
The lungs of some affected antelope displayed a thickening of the interlobular septa, pleuritis, and an accumulation of straw-colored pleural fluid.
Conversely, over 50% of patients with SLE may have pulmonary manifestations, including, but not limited to, pleuritis, interstitial lung disease, pulmonary embolism, infections, and pulmonary hemorrhage (7).
6) Tubercular pleuritis is usually associated with primary disease and in those cases results from the rupture of subpleural focus, which may not be evident radiologically.
The disorder is characterized by recurrent attacks of fever, peritonitis, pleuritis, arthritis, and skin lesions.
The patients included those with; pleural effusion of indeterminate origin, suspected tuberculous pleuritis not responding to the antituberculous therapy after two months, fibrinopurulent or chronic empyema, suspected malignant effusion, interstitial lung disease not responding to the treatment, pulmonary nodule(s) suspected of malignant origin, myasthenia gravis and paratracheal/mediastinal mass.
It is because there are few bacilli in the effusion and tuberculous pleuritis is due to hypersensitivity to tuberculo-protein rather than actual infection and is well documented in the literature.