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Plural of pleura1.


(ploo'ra) plural.pleurae [Gr., side]
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A serous membrane that enfolds both lungs and is reflected upon the walls of the thorax and diaphragm. The pleurae are moistened with a serous secretion that reduces friction during respiratory movements of the lungs. See: pleural effusion; mediastinum; thorax; illustration

costal pleura

Parietal pleura.

pleura diaphragmatica

The part of the pleura covering the upper surface of the diaphragm.

mediastinal pleura

The portion of the parietal pleura that extends to cover the mediastinum.

parietal pleura

The serous membrane that lines the chest cavity; it extends from the mediastinal roots of the lungs and covers the sides of the pericardium to the chest wall and backward to the spine. The visceral and parietal pleural layers are separated only by a lubricating secretion. These layers may become adherent or separated by air or by blood, pus, or other fluids, when the lungs or chest wall are injured or inflamed.
Synonym: costal pleura

pleura pericardiaca

The portion of the pleura covering the pericardium.

pleura pulmonalis

Visceral pleura.

visceral pleura

The pleura that covers the lungs and enters into and lines the interlobar fissures. It is loose at the base and at the sternal and vertebral borders to allow for lung expansion.

Pleura or pleurae

A delicate membrane that encloses the lungs. The pleura is divided into two areas separated by fluid-the visceral pleura, which covers the lungs, and the parietal pleura, which lines the chest wall and covers the diaphragm.
Mentioned in: Pleural Effusion
References in periodicals archive ?
Some studies have demonstrated that IMA with open pleurae significantly increases the postoperative atelectasis incidence10,15, and other respiratory complications in comparison with harvesting of only one IMA and intact pleura12,16.
A pneumothorax occurs when air enters the potential space between the visceral and parietal pleurae.
The adherence of the pleurae keeps the lungs pulled up against the inside of the chest wall, counterbalancing the natural recoil of the lungs.
If the pleurae themselves are inflamed, the condition is called pleurisy, Pleurisy causes severe chest pain with every breath and may occur with pleural effusion.