plantarflexion


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plan·tar·flex·ion

(plăn-tahr-flĕk'shŭn)
Extension of the ankle, pointing of the foot and toes.
Planes and axes of the body.
Figure 1: The sites of the main nerve centres and descending pathways in the brain and spinal cord that control voluntary movement, represented in diagrammatic sections.

plantarflexion

movement at the ankle joint that points the foot downwards away from the leg, or movement of the toes that curls them down towards the sole (compare dorsiflexion). Figure 1.

plantarflexion

foot joint sagittal-plane motion (ankle, metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joints) causing plantar tissues to move or tend to move toward the support surface
References in periodicals archive ?
Subjects performed 3 sets of 5-second isometric contractions, alternating between plantarflexion and dorsiflexion.
Horizontal Linear Scalar Value ([dagger]) Displacement (mm) Threshold Horizontal displacement test (keel)--Vertical loading and unloading of foot angled at 20[degrees] plantarflexion onto sagittal-plane level surface with free sagittal-plane linear translation.
The following different supinating conditions that were chosen to evaluate muscle reaction time were 15[degrees] inversion during ankle in neutral (0015) and 20[degrees] of plantarflexion (2015) and 30[degrees] inversion during ankle in neutral (0030) and 20[degrees] of plantarflexion (2030) (Figure 1a, b).
This issue is on important factor combined with exercise therapy in stress urinary incontinence [10], In feet active positions, rate of pelvic floor muscles activity in more than passive positions; and maximum activity pelvic floor muscle was recorded in active plantarflexion by raising hands [11].
Starting from the standardized position, researcher moved the electronic plate once toward each of the seven established positions consecutively: neutral position (NP), 5[degrees] plantarflexion (PF5), 5[degrees] dorsiflexion (DF5), 5[degrees] inversion (INV), 5[degrees] eversion (EV), 10[degrees] plantarflexion (PF10) and 10[degrees] dorsiflexion (DF10).
Due to the extension of the lower leg segment during the kicking motion in response to fixed plantarflexion of the foot (Orchard et al.
In terms of ankle kinematics, this semiconstrained design does not replicate normal ankle motion, because the ankle slides from side-to-side during rotation and dorsiflexion and plantarflexion motion.
Hanger, who lost his leg in 1861, replaced the catgut tendons of the American leg with rubber bumpers to control dorsiflexion and plantarflexion, and he used the plug fit wood socket.
A bed-cradle will prevent bedcovers pushing the foot into inversion and plantarflexion.
Clinical diagnosis of flat feet was based on observation of ankle dorsiflexion and plantarflexion, rearfoot, midfoot, and forefoot ranges of motion in triplane.
Manual Muscle Testing of Major Muscle Groups Muscle Groups Initial Discharge (Bilateral, Symmetrical) Examination Shoulder flexion 3/5 4/5 Shoulder abduction 2/5 4/5 Elbow flexion 3/5 5/5 Elbow extension 3/5 5/5 Wrist flexion 3-/5 4/5 Wrist extension 3-/5 4/5 Finger flexion 2/5 3/5 Finger extension 2/5 3/5 Hip flexion 1/5 2+/5 Hip extension 1/5 2-/5 Hip internal/external rotation 1/5 2-/5 Knee flexion 0/5 2/5 Knee extension 0/5 3/5 Ankle dorsiflexion 0/5 3-/5 Ankle plantarflexion 0/5 3/5 Table 4.
In these patients, a significant improvement of ankle position was displayed in ON state in terms of plantarflexion ability in stance phase (AmSt index), which passed to a normal position.