phrenic


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phrenic

 [fren´ik]
1. pertaining to the diaphragm or to the mind.
3. mental (def. 1).
phrenic nerve a major branch of the cervical plexus, extending through the thorax to provide innervation of the diaphragm. Nerve impulses from the inspiratory center in the brain travel down it, causing contraction of the diaphragm, so that inhalation can occur.

phren·ic

(fren'ik),
1. Synonym(s): diaphragmatic
2. Relating to the mind.

phrenic

/phren·ic/ (fren´ik)
1. diaphragmatic.
2. mental (1).

phrenic

(frĕn′ĭk, frē′nĭk)
adj.
1. Of or relating to the mind.
2. Anatomy Of or relating to the diaphragm: the phrenic nerve.

phrenic

[fren′ik]
Etymology: Gk, phren, mind
1 pertaining to the diaphragm.
2 pertaining to the mind.

phren·ic

(fren'ik)
1. Synonym(s): diaphragmatic.
2. Relating to the mind.

phrenic

Pertaining to the mind or to the DIAPHRAGM.

phrenic (freˑ·nik),

adj 1. relating to the diaphragm.
2. relating to the mind.
Enlarge picture
Phrenic.

phrenic

pertaining to the diaphragm.

phrenic nerve
one of the paired nerves to the diaphragm that arises from the caudal cervical nerves (4-7, the specific branches varying with species), passes through the thoracic inlet and in the mediastinum and adjacent structures to the diaphragm.
References in periodicals archive ?
Male Wistar Albino rats (180-200 g, 6-9 weeks old) were used as the source of phrenic nerve-hemidiaphragm preparations (n=10 for topiramate and n=10 for phenytoin).
In our study, the main risk factor of PPCs were advance age (age [greater than or equal to] 60 years), prolonged CPB time CPB time > 120 minutes), pre-op pulmonary hypertension and intraoperative phrenic nerve injury (Table-III).
Cicekcibasi et al [16] observed a case of the coeliacomesenteric trunk with both the right and the left inferior phrenic arteries arising from it.
Phrenic nerve palsy is usually associated with dyspnoea, cough, or hiccups and can be confirmed on chest xray showing diaphragmatic elevation.
Artery n-number of isolated cases Right intercostobronchial 157 (93) Right bronchial 45 (19) Left bronchial 55 (23) Common bronchial 97 (56) Right intercostal 36 (4) Left intercostal 28 (7) Right internal mammary artery 9 (1) Left internal mammary artery 23 (9) Right lateral thoracic 6 (0) Left lateral thoracic 16 (1) Right cervicothoracic 4 (1) Left cervicothoracic 10 (5) Right inferior phrenic 8 (4) Left inferior phrenic 1 (1) Artery with variant anatomy 5 (2) Anomalous artery 2 (2) Table 4: Comparison of outcome of bronchial artery embolization in various studies.
There is one huge flaw in the above argument: the phrenic nerve originates in the cervical spine, well below the nasal passage.
The patient was monitored closely for signs and symptoms of intravascular absorption, pneumothorax, phrenic nerve paralysis, Horner's Syndrome, and other possible complications.
Among the topics are biophysical principles and properties of cryoablation, catheter cryoablation for atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia, preventing phrenic nerve palsy during cryobaloon ablation for atrial fibrillation, treating accessory pathways, and treating miscellaneous arrhythmias.
Tom had undergone a thymectomy approximately 10 years earlier, at which time his phrenic nerve was severed.
The mass was found to be in close approximation of the pericardium, left phrenic nerve and the vagus nerve with the fibrous pericardium adherent to serous pericardium.