photophobia


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photophobia

 [fo″to-fo´be-ah]
abnormal visual intolerance to light. adj., adj photopho´bic.

pho·tal·gi·a

(fō-tal'jē-ă),
Light-induced pain, especially of the eyes; for example, in uveitis, the light-induced movement of the iris may be painful.
Synonym(s): photodynia, photophobia
[phot- + G. algos, pain]

photophobia

/pho·to·pho·bia/ (-fo´be-ah) abnormal visual intolerance to light.photopho´bic

photophobia

(fō′tə-fō′bē-ə)
n.
1. An abnormal sensitivity to or intolerance of light, especially by the eyes, as may be caused by eye inflammation, lack of pigmentation in the iris, or various diseases.
2. An abnormal or irrational fear of light.

photophobia

[-fō′bē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, phos + phobos, fear
1 abnormal sensitivity to light, especially of the eyes. The condition is prevalent in albinism and various diseases of the conjunctiva and cornea and may be a symptom of such disorders as measles, psittacosis, encephalitis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and Reiter's syndrome.
2 (in psychiatry) a morbid fear of light with an irrational need to avoid light places. The anxiety disorder is seen more often in women than in men and is usually caused by a repressed intrapsychic conflict symbolically related to light. photophobic, adj.

photophobia

 Painful oversensitivity to light

pho·to·pho·bi·a

(fō'tō-fō'bē-ă)
Morbid dread and avoidance of light. Although often an expression of undue anxiety about the eyes, photosensitivity and photalgia, past or present, should be considered.
[photo- + G. phobos, fear]

photophobia

Undue intolerance to light. This is a feature of certain eye disorders, especially corneal abrasions or ulcers, IRIDOCYCLITIS and congenital glaucoma. It also occurs in MIGRAINE and MENINGITIS.

Photophobia

Extreme sensitivity to light. Photophobia is a major symptom of acute uveitis.
Mentioned in: Color Blindness, Uveitis

photophobia 

Abnormal fear or intolerance of light. It can be physiological, although it often accompanies inflammations of the anterior segment of the eye, especially anterior uveitis. It is also noted in patients with cone degeneration. Management is usually aimed at treating the primary cause (e.g. keratitis, uveitis), but in other cases (e.g. albinism, drug-induced mydriasis, recent aphakes, fear of light) tinted lenses will give relief. See albinism; corneal abrasion; recurrent corneal erosion; iritis; keratitis; monochromat; uveitis.

photophobia

abnormal visual intolerance to light. Expressed in animals by closing of the eyelids when exposed to light. Difficult to differentiate from blepharospasm due to conjunctivitis.

Patient discussion about photophobia

Q. I had cataract surgery with iol implant, and ever since I have awful light sensitivity. Any ideas? I can't go into a "super store" without my sunglasses. My eyes ache at the end of the day. My doctor says "I don't know!"

A. May sound a bit silly question, but have you tried to consult your ophthalmologist (eye doctor, e.g. the one that performed the operation) about it? Cataract surgery, although considered very successful, isn't problem-free. Primary physician may not have the necessary specialization to deal with these subjects.

Q. Hey ! i am sensitive to light , every time i go out with a short sleeve i get this red rush all over.. what can i do ?

A. You should see a dermatologist or even your personal physician when this happens. Sensitivity to light is common in various medical conditions you should get checked up for.

More discussions about photophobia
References in periodicals archive ?
In group III patients, symptoms such as severe itching, ropy discharge and photophobia showed improvement but it was not comparable to topical or injectable depot steroid.
Photophobia may be a useful sign distinguishing severe from more benign pathology.
Photophobia, another symptom classically associated with meningitis and common in patients presenting for LP, was not statistically significant in predicting meningitis (OR 1.
According to this table, photophobia, phonophobia, nausea, and vomiting were improved significantly in the sodium valproate group, while only photophobia and vomiting were decreased significantly in the Sumatriptan group, denoting the advantage of sodium valproate in improving associated symptoms.
They were as follows: 55 percent reported problems with photophobia, 32 percent with reading and near work, 19 percent with floaters, 13 percent with diplopia, and 3 percent with pain above the eyes.
At least one of the following * Nausea and/or vomiting * Photophobia and phonophobia E.
Patients also commonly had nausea (40%), photophobia (84%), and phonophobia (67%) at this early phase.
Accompanying symptoms caused by migraine pain including nausea, phonophobia and photophobia are relieved by the triple action formula of aspirin, acetaminophen and caffeine.
She appeared mildly ill but was alert and oriented with no nuchal rigidity, photophobia, rash, or limb weakness.
Associated with the condition, Tyla also suffers from severe photophobia (intolerance to bright lights and glare).
The typical migraine headache is unilateral pain (affecting one half of the head) and pulsating in nature, lasting from 4 to 72 hours; symptoms include nausea, vomiting, photophobia, (increased sensitivity to light), phonophobia (increased sensitivity to sound), and is aggravated by routine activity.