phosphorylate


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phosphorylate

(fŏs′fər-ə-lāt′)
tr.v. phosphoryl·ated, phosphoryl·ating, phosphoryl·ates
To add a phosphate group to (an organic molecule).

phos′pho·ryl·a′tion n.
phos′pho·ryl·a′tive adj.
References in periodicals archive ?
Krishnamurthy and his colleagues have shown previously that DAP can efficiently phosphorylate a variety of simple sugars and thus help construct phosphorus-containing carbohydrates that would have been involved in early life forms.
As one of the important endotoxins, LPS can lead to an array of signalling molecules activated, which phosphorylate IkBs and that of degradation.
These latter proline-directed kinases phosphorylate the many KSP repeat motifs in the C-terminal tail domain of the NF220.
Binding of the influenza virus NS1 protein to double-stranded RNA inhibits the activation of the protein kinase that phosphorylates the elF-2 translation initiation factor.
DNA-PK and ATM are activated by DSB and phosphorylate XRCC4, leading to repair and cell survival.
The G1/S phase transition is regulated by cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK) that phosphorylate retinoblastoma protein (Rb) to allow S-phase progression.
The presence of alkalizing agents in the medium surrounding the mitochondrion breaks the electrostatic bonds between HK II and the mitochondrion, disrupting the immediate receipt of ATP and the ability of HK II to phosphorylate glucose (an absolute requirement for glucose transport)
The researchers examined the neurological impact of two enzymes that phosphorylate eIF2alpha, kinases termed PERK and GCN2, in different populations of AD model mice - all of which expressed genetic mutations akin to those carried by humans with AD.
Present within this missing domain is one of the six tyrosine residues, and c-Src fails to phosphorylate and bind to a GST fusion protein containing the cytoplasmic region of the spliced form.
Phosphorylation of kinase-1 happens faster than phosphatase can reverse it, and kinase-1 starts to phosphorylate and activate other kinase-1 molecules.
Although activated in the cytosol, the MAPKs translocate to the nucleus upon activation and phosphorylate a large number of nuclear proteins.
Scientists have identified enzymes that acetylate, deacetylate, phosphorylate, dephosphorylate, and methylate histones.

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